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Genetic Engineering Essay

1727 words - 7 pages

Genetic Engineering is a highly advanced and precise "technique of removing, modifying, or adding genes to a DNA molecule in order to change the information it contains. By changing this information, genetic engineering changes the type or amount of proteins an organism is capable of producing, thus enabling it to make new substances or perform new functions." Thus, making a farmer or a producer of genetically modified organisms able to "produce desirable characteristics" for each organism.Genetic Engineering is an extremely controversial subject which has been criticized, praised, and questioned by the media. However, the information which is being distributed to the public is not always accurate. Therefore, there are a large number of different opinions about genetic engineering, most of which are not based on real facts, but rather others biased opinions. Throughout this essay I will be assessing the facts about genetic engineering, and whether overall it is really needed in our world.Genetically engineering plants and animals can certainly have benefits. For example, the most common use of genetic engineering is making the plants "shelf-life" (the time before a plant goes rotten) increase, and be more resistant to rough handling. It also has benefits including having the plants grow faster and larger, or to make them immune to certain diseases which are commonly caused to a specific plant. This can greatly ease the amount of work for farmers; have the plants have higher quality in appearance, and a greater chance of not having diseases.About 60% of all foods in the Unites States have a relation with biotechnology, this reveals the importance of genetic engineering in agriculture. However, genetic engineering is not only greatly used in agriculture; it is also used in medicine. Many treatments are available only because of the research into genetic engineering, a few include: Alzheimer's disease, heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, AIDS, and arthritis. Genetic engineering is also present in technological advantages used in home pregnancy tests.An interesting form of genetic engineering is expressed in the image below. It is a picture "of a glowing transgenic tobacco plant bearing the luciferase gene of the firefly strikingly demonstrates the power and potential of genetic manipulation".Genetic engineering is a very precise method of "mix-breeding" animals and plants. For example, there have been inventions to increase the preciseness of the method, including "gene-guns" which are extremely small, and are pieces of metal wrapped around genes which are carefully inserted into the desired domain. This method is even more precise than the form of natural breeding.Another advantage of genetic engineering on our world is that it is said to be necessary to create food production which matches the need of the population growth and to help feed millions of people in ELDC's*. This would happen by genetically engineering foods to grow in harsh...

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