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Genetic Engineering, History And Future Essay

2682 words - 11 pages

A Paper dealing with the history, possiblites and Future of Genetic Engineering Excellent Paper, good depth, and your opening and closeing were excellent!Genetic Engineering, history and futureAltering the Face of ScienceScience is a creature that continues to evolve at a much higher rate than the beingsthatgave it birth. The transformation time from tree-shrew, to ape, to human far exceeds thetimefrom analytical engine, to calculator, to computer. But science, in the past, has alwaysremaineddistant. It has allowed for advances in production, transportation, and even entertainment,butnever in history will science be able to so deeply affect our lives as genetic engineering willundoubtedly do. With the birth of this new technology, scientific extremists and anti-technologistshave risen in arms to block its budding future. Spreading fear by misinterpretationof facts, they promote their hidden agendas in the halls of the United States congress.Geneticengineering is a safe and powerful tool that will yield unprecedented results, specifically inthefield of medicine. It will usher in a world where gene defects, bacterial disease, and evenagingare a thing of the past. By understanding genetic engineering and its history, discovering itspossibilities, and answering the moral and safety questions it brings forth, the blanket offearcovering this remarkable technical miracle can be lifted.The first step to understanding genetic engineering, and embracing its possibilitiesforsociety, is to obtain a rough knowledge base of its history and method. The basis foraltering theevolutionary process is dependant on the understanding of how individuals pass oncharacteristics to their offspring. Genetics achieved its first foothold on the secrets ofnature'sevolutionary process when an Austrian monk named Gregor Mendel developed the first'laws ofheredity.' Using these laws, scientists studied the characteristics of organisms for most ofthenext one hundred years following Mendel's discovery. These early studies concluded thateachorganism has two sets of character determinants, or genes (Stableford 16). For instance, inregards to eye color, a child could receive one set of genes from his father that wereencoded oneblue, and the other brown. The same child could also receive two brown genes from hismother.The conclusion for this inheritance would be the child has a three in four chance of havingbrown eyes, and a one in three chance of having blue eyes (Stableford 16).Genes are transmitted through chromosomes which reside in the nucleus of everylivingorganism's cells. Each chromosome is made up of fine strands of deoxyribonucleic acids,orDNA. The information carried on the DNA determines the cells function within theorganism.Sex cells are the only cells that contain a complete DNA map of the organism, therefore,'thestructure of a DNA molecule or combination of DNA molecules determines the shape,form, andfunction of the [organism's] offspring ' (Lewin 1). DNA discovery is...

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