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Genetically Modified Food Essay

3022 words - 13 pages

When I was a kid, science teacher taught me Genetically Modified Food is the research of the future and will lead to solving the famine issues of the future. I heard lots of scientists were researching the Genetically Modified Food and that they had already ended the experiment. So I thought no one would have to bear hunger. Nowadays, despite the progress on Genetically Modified Food, many people continue to suffer from famine. A lot of Genetically Modified Food comes to the market but they do not affect the market price enough to completely solve world hunger. Furthermore, there are various ethical issues concerning the use of Genetically Modified Food. In this essay, I would like to ...view middle of the document...

Only few people pay attention to the long term effects of Genetically Modified Foods and try to avoid picking Genetically Modified Foods.
I want to explain the term ‘Genetically Modified Organism’ in detail and introduce the arguments for the use of Genetically Modified Food. The term Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) refers to organisms that have a gene itself and scientists extract the gene from the organisms. The term “Organism” is sometimes substituted for “Food.” These genetically modified Organisms originate differently from plants found in nature. Genetically modified Organisms have been experimented in the laboratory to enlarge their size or enhance nutrition. Recently, scientists succeeded in increasing resistance of the plants to herbicides. The viability of plants is increased by modifying their genes.
There are two ways to enhance resistance of plants. The first one is the traditional method. This method is called crossbreeding of plants or the Hybrid crops. This way just crossbreeds two other kinds of plants physically. Sometimes, crossbreeding creates plants that have unexpected characteristics not present in either parent plant. The weakness of crossbreeding is that it consumes time and there are too many variables. Hybrid crops are different from the Genetically Modified Foods although people equate Hybrid crops to Genetically Modified Foods.
The other method is genetic engineering. Most Genetically Modified foods (GM foods) have had their DNA modified through genetic engineering. This method’s strength is speed and accuracy. Scientists can produce plants with the exact traits that they want quickly. Scientists extract DNA from a cell and mixed with another gene or DNA. Through this procedure, scientists can make a new DNA that they want to make. Scientists believe that it will make better nutritional organisms and these organisms will have a longer lasting vitality. For the consumers, these organisms should be just perfect on their bodies. However, making new DNA could have side effects with outcomes that may be hard to handle.
There are many goals for GM foods. Genetically Modified Organisms are invented for many diverse targets; the main target is creating a food able to endure pesticides, which is a harmful chemical like herbicides. Another target is to make plants or organisms stay fresh. Organisms easily rot so people have difficulties to maintain the greenness of vegetables. Another goal of GM foods is to aid in solving famine. These future GM foods are related to the nourishing of the increasing population. GM foods will support to feed the population and in some ways, GM foods are already helping the third world population to feed. Part of the reason why we are suffering the famine problem is that we do not have enough food production naturally. By hopefully increasing the food production through genetically modifying plants, we may be able to reduce world hunger.
Fifteen million people in Africa population...

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