Public cities around the world are becoming more involved with a wide array of new technologies without realizing it. From super computers that calculate the movement of satellites without human involvement, to handheld personal computers. Consumers abide with an egregious array of brand new scientific advances that are accompanied by confusing new terms. The food and drug administration, commonly known as the F.D.A, is focusing much of their time with food biotechnology. The all-encompassing use of biotechnology when applied to agriculture and food production increases the deeply felt environmental, economic and ethical concern. The liberation of genetically engineered organisms into the environment poses apprehensive questions regarding the serious promising risk to human health.
Genetic engineering or genetic modification is a procedure that requires direct human manipulation of organism’s genetic makeup, altering their DNA that would not commonly happen under natural circumstances. Such applications include the implementation of human genes into animals as well as animal genes into other animals and plants. The industry which practices this gene modification is commonly known as biotechnology. In the next few years this industry has plans to release genetically engineered bacteria, viruses as well as transgenic animals into the environment. With the release of engineered organisms, many feel apprehensive and concerned with the potential harm it may cause to human health. Because the modified organisms are living, they are more likely to be unpredictable than chemicals. Jeremy Rifkin suggests, “the long-term cumulative environmental impact of releasing thousands of genetically engineered organisms could be equally destructive” (qtd. In Phillips 2). The most common impact seen today is felt by small dairy farms. Larger farming corporations are injecting a hormone called bovine growth hormone into dairy cows daily, increasing their production of milk. With the use of this hormone, small dairy farms are beginning to diminish due to the already over populated milk market.
Dairy cows are not the only animal genetically engineered. A company called Aqua Bounty industries have successfully engineered salmon to grow to market size in eighteen months rather than thirty months that it would typically take for the Atlantic salmon to reach the market weight and size. To do this, Aqua Bounty industries inject the DNA from other types of salmon and pout, another fish derived from the ocean. This causes much concern for individuals with certain fish allergies or those who are unaware of which type of fish allergies the may have.
Not only are these industries trying to market off of hormone injected foods, but cloning is now in the beginning stages of entering our grocery stores. Although cloning is the exact copy of another animal, it still allows these businesses to manipulate breeds to produce animals with specific traits. Sigrid Fry-reverse...