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Genetically Modified Foods And Organisms Essay

1353 words - 6 pages

According to Bakshi (p.211), the use of biotechnology in agricultural production is a major tool for enhancing food security and sustaining the environment. Biotechnology is considered important in addressing the challenge of food availability, alleviation of poverty and environmental conservation. In this regard (Tramper et al 408), it is important to note that GMOs are produced by the introduction of extra genetic information into a certain organism through genetic engineering. The methods are a natural creation of the strategies hitherto employed with an aim of getting different varieties and strains. While some have seen GMOs as a solution to hunger, others have considered this innovation a danger as far as food security is concerned. This is to imply that though GMOs have been touted as being beneficial, the disadvantages of GMOs surpass the benefits.
Those in support of GMOs are driven by various technological traits under the developments they maintain hold a promise to boost crop output at affordable prices. This is in addition to major advantages to the consumers with more environmental preservation strategies (Leggie and Durant 59). The proponents present the input trait invention, which seeks to cultivate bioengineered elements into the crops with an aim of substantially reducing the incorporation of environmentally dangerous pesticides. They also present the output trait invention, which seeks to bioengineer attributes into the seeds with an aim of bolstering nutrition, shelf life and quality. In this regard, most scientists maintain that GMOs become mini factories in future, and would address malnutrition within the developing nations (Leggie and Durant 59). There is also the agronomic trait invention, which seeks to bioengineer attributes to afford extra protection against the natural state and conditions that destroy livelihood of the cultivators on the marginal lands within the poor countries. However, the disadvantages of GMOs override these benefits. A number of health and environmental concerns are presented.
First and foremost, Egziabher (p.11) reiterates that GMOs are generated by way of genetic engineering. On the same note, recombinant DNA system is the most common mode around genetic engineering. This incorporates vectors that are normally retrieved from the pathogens, in order to initiate, and genes retrieved from different organisms, in order to enhance and portray the genes linked to the desired trait. These are the dangers related to biotechnology methods. Despite the fact that biotechnology firms originally denied and disregarded the presence of these dangers, the embracement of Cartagena Protocol has currently silenced these voices. GMOs can serve as the ways of irrevocably initiating foreign genes right into the crops. Egziabher (p.11) notes that it could be difficult to eliminate these foreign genes from crops in the event that they turn out to be undesirable. The would be undesirable based on the fact that they...

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