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Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

764 words - 4 pages

Genetically Modified Organisms
Genetically Modified foods are tested over 120 times before they are passed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Genetically modified organisms are inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to ensure the safety of the new varieties of plants that are produced. The Animal and Plant Inspection Service regulates the research development by requiring permits for testing of the new varieties. The population of the world is said to reach ten billion by 2050 and with genetically modified foods farmers and ranchers can withstand the growing population and feed the world. Genetically modified foods benefit not only the farmers and ranchers, but the entire population.
By modifying the crops, it gives them genes that make them resistant to damaging weeds, yield killing pests, and other diseases that can wipe out a farmer’s field completely. Pests and weeds can become resistant to some of the traits that are put into the crops. A new trait is always under development for seeds because of the resistance. By developing new traits it reduces they reduce the amount of herbicides and pesticides used by farmers. Promotion of reduced pesticides has been a work in progress for many years and has been increasingly reduced. Scientists have been able to modify plants by adding Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) which enters an insect such as the European Corn Borer, when it eats part of the leaf, and expands their stomachs and causes them to suffocate. European Corn Borers have greatly impacted Central Illinois crops and with corn being the number one crop for Illinois it is important pests like that are wiped out.
A higher yield in field crops means not only more money for farmers but more food for the world. Farmers look for the highest yielding seed they can find to fit their fields. To find higher yields today it takes genetically modified seeds that have a higher percent of a better yield. Having a growing population is taking up the land the farmers have to plant on. Using these genetically modified seeds helps create higher yields and a more efficient us of the land it is planted on. Higher yields equals more money for farmers and more food, that is going to be a huge factor when the population reaches ten...

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