Selecting an issue on behalf of this assignment may have been the most challenging part in consideration of the countless attention-grabbing subjects to choose from. Subsequently, I questioned my relatives and companions what are the most dominant and noteworthy issues. Some mentioned genetic modification, which is quite a hot issue at this time. It is an issue, which we still need to determine a lot about, nevertheless a lot of information is already out there.
Genetic modification or genetic engineering occurs when genes of an organism are altered through the use of modern biotechnology in order to improve or bring out a certain characteristic. The use of genetic modification originated in 1973, such technique has been applied to several areas comprising, agricultural and biotechnology. It is also used to generate medical research and eventually producing experimental medicine and pharmaceutical drugs. One should note the rapidity in this field of science over the past 30 years from DNA cloning, which allows genes to be transplanted among various biological species, to human genome.
I started by questioning others and myself what genetic engineering is, and other questions related to the entitled issue. As for thinking methods, I happened to find brainstorming and mind mapping quite helpful. Later on, I strengthened my material with further information found online. Genetically modified foods were first placed to the market in the early 90’s. Although the European Union has enforced multiple laws as a framework to protect the human life and health, my concern is ‘Have we already consumed altered food?’ Moreover, ‘What are the benefits and drawbacks of this scientific technique?’ Generating GM products may reduce poverty, ensuring that the public has enough food to consume daily and assisting the malnutrition in the third world countries. However, we do not have enough evidence regarding the healthy risks when consuming GM foods, therefore several communities are still not convinced about this technology.
Consequently I explored the most bizarre examples of genetic engineering, the weirdest crops and animals already present and many more soon coming in our way. From organic plant breeding we made a shift to altering the genetic code. The Banana vaccine is one of the most fascinating. It is a banana, full of proteins to prevent us from diseases like Cholera and Hepatitis B. Meanwhile, nearly 80% of the corn produced in America is genetically altered, as to kill its own pesticide. For most of the cases aimed at genetically modified animals, I repeatedly question myself, ‘Is this a scientific breakthrough or animal cruelty?’ A few years ago in Israel, scientists created a breed of bald chickens aimed to be leaner and grow-faster, this may improve the quality of the meat and save them time from plucking them. One may think that such animals have been altered to suffer from inhumane living conditions. Shouldn’t we work on improving these modern...