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Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

1427 words - 6 pages

Imagine living on a farm. It is cold most of the year, but for a few months you are able to grow some corn to feed your family, and occasionally if you are lucky you can sell it in town to make some money. It is hard work for what seems like a little reward. You must often deal with insects eating many of the corn stalks, and your corn doesn’t do well in cold temperatures, so you must harvest it before the cold weather starts again. You have to plow much of your field to plant this corn, and it takes much effort to look after it. Then a man gives you some seeds. He calls it genetically modified corn. You plant it and the next year and the year after that there is no need to worry about pest, because the pesticides you used no longer harm your plants. Your growing season is longer and you have much more corn on the same area of land and you can now sell your corn in the market regularly. It seems like a good thing to have a GMO on your land.
A GMO or genetically modified organism refers to plant life that has been genetically enhanced to benefit the crop yield in some way. Wikipedia defines a GMO as, “is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Genetic modification involves the insertion or deletion of genes. When genes are inserted, they usually come from a different species”. Some plants are modified to resist pesticides. This way a plant can be protected from insects and other pests without the pesticide killing the plant. Because there are no longer pests eating the crop, more produce can be sent to market. According to the GMO compass, produce like corn has been genetically modified to be able to grow in colder areas. This allows more people to have access to food. This differs from traditionally bred organisms because customarily crops are left untouched and tend to have a lesser crop yield and a set season and climate in which they can grow. Doctor Terje Traavik describes the difference in GMOS compared to natural breeding as, “genetic modification represents a more precise, but not fundamentally different, kind of breeding or cultivation. This must be rejected because unnatural recombinations are created. Genetic material is recombined between species for which there is no, or very low, probability of natural progeny.” The benefits of GMOs are very high, but there are some risks involved with genetically enhancing the food that humans and animals consume.
Genetically Modified Organisms have many advantages According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the following statements have been made to argue the importance of genetically modifying crops: Not only do the enhanced genes provide more crops that are resistant to pests and pesticides, but there are many more advantages that are not commonly known. Scientist can also increase the nutritional value of foods. In rice, scientists have increased the levels of vitamins A and B to increase the nutrition...

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