Genetically Modified Organisms: Our Only Hope To Feed Seven Billion People

1724 words - 7 pages

Modern Agriculture
Farming experienced little change from the end of the medieval age until the middle of the twenty-first century. (Baker, 2014) When the tractor became the common farm tool and replaced the horse, crop yields remained much the same. (Baker, 2014) From 1866 until 1938, corn yields in the United States were reported at 30 bushels an acre. This, when compared to medieval yields, is not much higher than a good growing year in medieval times. (Baker, 2014) Innovation was drastically stalled by the Second World War and the Korean conflict. However, by 1951, crop yield began to steadily increase as new technologies like fertilizer and hybrid corn breeds became more readily available in the United States.(Baker, 2014) After the introduction of these innovations, corn yields in the United States, from 1952-present, showed an increased yield of 2 bushels an acre per year. (Baker, 2014) This simple increase, not only of corn, but other grain sources has led to a huge increase in the population of the world.

The population has increased more rapidly in the last 200 years than any other time in history. This may seem like a relatively short time, but when compared to the history of agriculture this is a very short time period. Consider that it took over 1000 years for the world to reach a population of 1 billion and only 207 years to reach 7 billion. This is an exponential explosion in the population. Throughout history, agriculture, through several revolutions, has made it possible to sustain the world population. Through innovations such as the plow, crop rotation, and fertilizer, yields have grown and supported the population. But how will modern agriculture support a population of 7 billion people? There is no more land available and many areas of the world are experiencing famine. Global climate change has added to the factors affecting farmers around the world. So how, with all these factors, will we increase crop production and feed the world? I believe the answer lies in Genetically Modified Organisms or GMOs.

Genetically Modified Organisms
A genetically modified organism, or a GMO, is a plant or an animal that has been altered on a genetic level to achieve a certain goal, such as increased yield, drought resistance, or increases nutritional value. GMOs have become increasingly popular in the last few years, but to truly understand why we must first go back to how they were developed. As early as the 1900s, scientists in England were using Mendel’s genetic theory to manipulate and improve plant species.(history of GMO) In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the double helix nature of DNA which led to the innovation of allowing scientists to “splice” the DNA of one organism into the DNA of another.() In 1987 the first GMO crops, tomatoes and tobacco, were first field tested in the United States(). Soon after this, the U.S. Department of Agriculture approved the Favr Savr tomato, a GMO, for commercial...

Find Another Essay On Genetically Modified Organisms: Our Only Hope to Feed Seven Billion People

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

764 words - 4 pages . The population of the world is said to reach ten billion by 2050 and with genetically modified foods farmers and ranchers can withstand the growing population and feed the world. Genetically modified foods benefit not only the farmers and ranchers, but the entire population. By modifying the crops, it gives them genes that make them resistant to damaging weeds, yield killing pests, and other diseases that can wipe out a farmer’s field completely

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

1427 words - 6 pages ”. Some plants are modified to resist pesticides. This way a plant can be protected from insects and other pests without the pesticide killing the plant. Because there are no longer pests eating the crop, more produce can be sent to market. According to the GMO compass, produce like corn has been genetically modified to be able to grow in colder areas. This allows more people to have access to food. This differs from traditionally bred organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms ?

1084 words - 5 pages people in the world can’t afford to buy food. If there are Genetically Modified Organisms then we are able to feed these people with cheap and healthy fruits and organisms. In Natural Society it states, GMO’s can provide “increased production of food for starving third world countries.” That means that other countries can get more food because GM crops can produce lots of other plants. If it can produce a lot of them it will make lots of people

Genetically Modified Organisms

1668 words - 7 pages of cancer significantly. We do not realize that we are eating these harmful toxins infused in our food without proper labelling. Genetically modified organisms are a serious matter of concern not only in consumption but to the ecological system; the media has been portraying its merits and demerits constantly, consumers tend to ignore and the scientists are still debating and claiming it neither safe nor unsafe. Biotechnological applications in

Genetically Modified Organisms - 1109 words

1109 words - 4 pages fetuses”(citation, article 3 pg 1). If the Bt toxin gene from GM corn were to transfer into human DNA, it could make our intestinal bacteria into “living pesticide machines” (GMO Dangers 1). Another negative effect GMOs have is how they harm the environment. Genetically modified crops and herbicides used to grow them harm animals and ecosystems. For instance, GMOs reduce “biodiversity, pollute water resources, and are unsustainable” (10 Reasons

Genetically Modified Organisms - 1781 words

1781 words - 7 pages . This is all happening because of the toxic chemicals that are genetically engineered into these foods (Orecchio). In the 18 hundreds people started cross breeding. Where you take the DNA of two different organisms, from the same species, and breed them naturally. This produces a stronger plant, and better fruit and vegetable production. Since then we have shifted our interest from bettering our food to commercial interest. They add herbicides

Genetically Modified Organisms - 1451 words

1451 words - 6 pages and agreements but things for sure are a lot of negative reports and a lot of sickness reports should give them a idea that they need to fix what there modifying or don’t do it at all. I think genetically modified Organisms are bad and harmful and I will explain and tell you why and I even think some of these foods should be banned unless grown and made natural.(“GMO harmful”) A lot of people children (Lumpkin Sydney) and adults have had a vote

Genetically Modified Organisms - 920 words

920 words - 4 pages sides weighing in. Geneticist David Suzuki, professor of genetics at the University of British Columbia from 1963 until his retirement in 2001, states "by slipping it into our food without our knowledge, without any indication that there are genetically modified organisms in our food, we are now unwittingly part of a massive experiment" (qtd. in Walia). Consumers should not be the unwitting participants of experiments to determine the effects that

Genetically Modified Organisms - 717 words

717 words - 3 pages GMO stands for genetically modified organisms. These organism's, genetic material have been altered using techniques usually known as recombinant DNA technology. Recombinant DNA technology is the ability to combine DNA molecules from different sources. Therefore the genes of the organism is altered and modified. The idea of GMO was first created in 1973 by Stanley H. Cohen and Herbert Boyer. This idea was taken to another level by Rudolf

Biotechnology: Genetically Modified Organisms

1075 words - 4 pages and to ensure that products, especially those used for human consumption, are safe, have been vigorously and repeatedly tested, and validated by independent organizations; some tests continue for years in order to fully understand the long term impact. The issues arise when the lines between our “trusted” governmental agencies and private interests blur, as in the case of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The Monsanto Company, for

Genetically Modified Organisms - 1470 words

1470 words - 6 pages material with further information found online. Genetically modified foods were first placed to the market in the early 90’s. Although the European Union has enforced multiple laws as a framework to protect the human life and health, my concern is ‘Have we already consumed altered food?’ Moreover, ‘What are the benefits and drawbacks of this scientific technique?’ Generating GM products may reduce poverty, ensuring that the public has enough food

Similar Essays

Genetically Modified Organisms Changing Our Climate

1141 words - 5 pages the species. Although these modifications have shown some benefits to our world, they are more dangerous for us than anything else. Genetically modified organisms can not only infiltrate our ecosystem and threaten the natural processes but they can also impose health risks for the living in various areas. In closing, it is important to be aware of the benefits and limitations of genetically modified organisms. The real question is do you want them

How To Feed 12 Billion People

1117 words - 5 pages food shortages, about 925 million people around the world can't get enough food to ensure good health. This means that one 7 of the world's people to go to bed hungry at night. (source: in 2012 the United Nations food and agriculture organization), every year 5.6 million children die because of hunger and malnutrition. In developing countries, especially in food shortages, about one 5 of people can't get enough food. The world's hungry people

Genetically Modified Organisms In Our Food

1936 words - 8 pages , Hong Kong, and Singapore (The Small Dragons). GMO is the altercation of genetic material (DNA). It is when the donor nucleus is transferred into the cytoplasm of the host egg. GMO is also referred to as transgenic. Food that is modified using this technique is called genetically modified (GM) foods. This means the use of technology alters the genetic material of an organism, which would not happen from natural recombination or fertilization

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay 1713 Words

1713 words - 7 pages because the genetically modified organisms caused contamination. This happened to farmer Susan Fitzgerald who operates a farm in Minnesota. Pollen had traveled more than one hundred feet up her crop of corn, so instead of selling the corn for four dollars a bushel, it was only sold for one dollar and sixty-seven cents a bushel (Lilliston). All of the negative consequences of allowing genetically modified organisms in our food could be fixed if