Genetically Modified Organisms: The Facts Essay

1607 words - 6 pages

Introduction
Any organism which has its genetic sequence altered by insertion of a piece of foreign genetic material is considered to be a genetically modified organism, or simply, GMO. The recombinant DNA technology (or gene cloning) allows such modification by using enzymes that are naturally found in almost all organisms. A restriction enzyme is used to cut a specific DNA segment of a ‘donor’ genome and to generate sticky ends in the ‘host’ genome. The cut-up portion is then joined between the sticky sites by the help of a DNA ligase enzyme which stitches them together. Since its introduction in the field of biomedical sciences, the technique has been used for various purposes, which include but is not restricted to gene expression studies, functional analysis of a gene, disease modeling, and most importantly, amplification of useful protein products. The GMOs has been introduced in a variety of fields including drug development, agricultural and food biotechnology, industrial product manufacturing and culturing/modeling laboratory experiments.
Why GMOs
Genetically modified organisms provide novel intersections in the pathway elude the today’s society of diseases, poverty and hunger. Many scientists argue that these GMOs have been widely used in the process of drug development to prepare various pharmaceutically important drugs by formation of chimeric proteins. The two most significant examples include insulin and humanized immunoglobins (antibodies). The large scale insulin production has only been made possible by cloning the human insulin gene in bacteria to amplify the final product. This has made the ‘drug’ less expensive and thus, affordable for a common man in most of the countries. The humanized immunoglobins are the antibodies raised against any one of the thousands of infectious diseases (monoclonals), including some cancers, by insertion of human gene in genome of model organisms such as mice. These allow for significantly high titer production which is purified and approved for treatment.
GMOs in Agriculture and Food
In agricultural sector, the DNA technology has been reflected as a magic wand that can produce huge amounts of highly nutritive food and solve all the hunger issues that may exist in the world. However, the integration of the technique in crops, both food and others, has started decades ago. Yet, the world hunger index has reached almost 1 billion with 200 million being the children, in 2013. Another related phenomenon is the use of GM food as drug factories, although the issue is faced with numerous regulatory issues. The number of trials that drugs usually undergo would or would not be implemented for these foods, is still a question.
Controversies and Perspectives
A very common example of genetically modified food is the BT corn and other crops prepared by inserting Bacillus thuringiensis genes. These crops soon replaced the traditional crops after its introduction in 1995, in USA. However, various...

Find Another Essay On Genetically Modified Organisms: The Facts

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

717 words - 3 pages GMO stands for genetically modified organisms. These organism's, genetic material have been altered using techniques usually known as recombinant DNA technology. Recombinant DNA technology is the ability to combine DNA molecules from different sources. Therefore the genes of the organism is altered and modified. The idea of GMO was first created in 1973 by Stanley H. Cohen and Herbert Boyer. This idea was taken to another level by Rudolf

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay

920 words - 4 pages Page 1Melisa GabhartProfessor Michael WhiteEnglish 1015 November 2014Genetically Modified OrganismsLiving in the United States, consumers will most likely come in contact with foods made with genetically modified organisms (GMOs). A GMO is created by injecting genetic material from plants, animals, or bacteria into a crop in hopes of creating a new and beneficial trait (Blackwood). The controversy of GMOs is a growing debate with those on both

Genetically Modified Organisms

1781 words - 7 pages , not all things were good. Starting in the mid 90's scientist have been coming up with ways to be able to grow food better and faster. Scientist took a different approach than from the traditional cross breeding. Instead scientist were experimenting with new ways to better the genetic makeup of crops. This is how genetically modified organisms came to be. When GMO's were introduced to the science world it stared a sort of frenzy. Scientist started

Biotechnology: Genetically Modified Organisms

1075 words - 4 pages and to ensure that products, especially those used for human consumption, are safe, have been vigorously and repeatedly tested, and validated by independent organizations; some tests continue for years in order to fully understand the long term impact. The issues arise when the lines between our “trusted” governmental agencies and private interests blur, as in the case of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The Monsanto Company, for

Genetically Modified Organisms: Modifying the World’s Industries

1273 words - 5 pages The founding of genetically modified organisms was extended through the course of many years. It began in 1865 when Gregor Mendel observed hereditary characteristics in pea plants. Nearly forty years later, Andrei Nikolaevitch Belozersky was the first person to isolate DNA, or “factors”, as Mendel defined it, in its pure state (Life Sciences Foundation, Purification of DNA). This revelation sparked the start to DNA innovations. After the

The Dangers of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

3835 words - 15 pages Introduction Recently, there has been a huge uprise in reports from all over the world of new diseases that have affected much of the population today. Diseases such as obesity, Alzheimer’s, Celiac Disease, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and so much more have been on the rise. Researchers have suspected the culprit of these diseases to be our food. Along with the diseases, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) has also been on

The Dilemma of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

717 words - 3 pages sexual maturity faster, and to have higher reproductive yields. Yet a debate that has plagued transgenic research for a long time: are these genetically modified organisms, GMOs, safe if they are released in the wild. Many say no, and in theory, the GM organisms could wipe out there natural species and take over in the environment. In her article “Unleash the Aliens,” Joanna Marchant discusses two research projects that are trying to ensure that

The Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms

3973 words - 16 pages What are Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)? A Genetically Modified Organism is an organism that has had its genetic material changed through the insertion of a foreign gene into it. Although GMOs have only been in use in the past twenty years, they constitute the majority of the American food supply. What is even more shocking is that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) currently does not require safety testing for GMOs. In 1992

The Danger of Genetically Modified Organisms

1370 words - 5 pages How well do we know the food we are eating? Ever wondered whether these foods are safe? In the recent years, people have become more aware of how genetically modified foods have substituted our diets with altered foods -- to which little we know about the long term effects on humans. These food being fed to us is called Genetic Modified Organism or GMOs. Just in 2012, prop 37 was proposed in California, which would have required labeling of

Description of Genetically Modified Organisms

2169 words - 9 pages products, their resistance to pesticides, the diversity and better quality of food, all of these factors can help increase the food supply. These are proven facts and this is what research shows (Raven). These genetically modified products have been designed to survive under varies conditions that would under normal circumstances kill the plant. According to Karen Wang, “genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, can be engineered to resist disease

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food

1312 words - 5 pages Genetically Modified Organisms in Food Tomatoes, soy beans and McDonald’s French fries- what all of these things have in common? They are all some of the most commonly genetically modified foods on the market today. With scientists in the race to invent newer and better everythings, genetically modified organisms, or “GMOs” have become a hot topic of research in just the past 10 years. By using the genetic information from one organism, or

Similar Essays

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay 1451 Words

1451 words - 6 pages think everyone is aware of the negative ("the health effects.") impacts and effects about it. Some massive effects from eating genetically modified foodg are. Food Allergy Symptoms Increase Dramatically, Bodily Toxicity Increases, Negative Reproductive Effects, Negative Effects to Digestive System and even death. Here are some of the traits they use and some of the organisms. Soybean uses herbicide tolerance, Corn insect resistance, and Canola

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay 764 Words

764 words - 4 pages Genetically Modified Organisms Genetically Modified foods are tested over 120 times before they are passed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Genetically modified organisms are inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to ensure the safety of the new varieties of plants that are produced. The Animal and Plant Inspection Service regulates the research development by requiring permits for testing of the new varieties

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay 1427 Words

1427 words - 6 pages ”. Some plants are modified to resist pesticides. This way a plant can be protected from insects and other pests without the pesticide killing the plant. Because there are no longer pests eating the crop, more produce can be sent to market. According to the GMO compass, produce like corn has been genetically modified to be able to grow in colder areas. This allows more people to have access to food. This differs from traditionally bred organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms Essay 1109 Words

1109 words - 4 pages . “GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food.” newportnaturalhealth.org. Newport Natural Health, 9 July 2013. Web. 1 Mar 2014. n.d. “GMO Dangers.” responsibletechnology.org. IRT: Institute for Responsible Technology. Web. 21 Feb 2014. n.d. “The Good, Bad and Ugly About GMOs”. naturalrevolution.org. Natural Revolution. 9 July 2013. Web. 19 Feb 2014. Phillips, Theresa. “Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and