The Mongolian leader of the 13th century. Genghis Khan, one of the famed leaders of the history of the world, led the Mongolian hordes. Genghis Khan’s military leadership resulted in making a great empire. But other nations viewed Genghis Khan and his army as a ruthless murderer, while the Mongolians considered Khan as a great military leader. While Genghis Khan was a military leader, he was also a leader of the people.
The Soldier’s Leader
Discipline and Training
The trainees of the army were trained with extensive planning and organizing. Khan wanted the trainees to be able to defend the tribe and conquer other tribes. But that training required discipline. Without discipline, the soldiers would have not excelled in warfare. When there was disobedience in war, they would have gotten themselves killed. According to the book,The History of the Life of Genghis Khan: The Secret History of the Mongols, the Mongol leaders stated, “We will make you khan… And if we disobey your command, separate us from our families, from our ladies and our wives. Separate us, and throw our heads upon the ground! If we disobey you, exile us and throw us out into the wilderness.” Their loyalty towards Khan ended up creating a superior militia and led to their further victories.
Khan’s victories affected the military by allowing them to evolve from the wisdom of war to become a better militia. It also affected the population by allowing them to grow and to harmonize with the winnings they share together. To affect both though, the military had to use tactics to win the battle.
Tactics and Militia
The military’s soldiers were to be trained with the tactics; Khan ensured that they were properly trained in it to excel. “The key of the Mongols military success was the ability to move vast distances in very short periods of time,” said Mike Loades, military historian. The army Khan had was transitory in traveling to battle the other civilizations. The militia, in order to battle other civilizations, was open to new methods, adopting every war method there was to excel in their conquest of the world. They were derivative with their training, using strategies created by other armies. A tactic, that Genghis Khan had made, called the Moving Bush Formation was used by the military. The army was furtive when they were using the formation. By using a small amount of the army, archers would shoot the enemy until they “fled”. This would repeat over and over until the enemy was defeated. They soon grew with newer maneuvers. “Genghis Khan was a military genius, in addition to this mighty cavalry that he commanded, he also employed psychological warfare,” said Dr. H.M. Agnes Hsu, China Institute and UNESCO. With the multiple ways Khan had showed the soldiers, wars were won and battles to victories. He allowed the military to understand people emotionally and physically. This became a shift that helped the military become supreme.