Genghis Khan: Biography Essay

1345 words - 5 pages

Early LifeIn the year 1162, the wife of a Mongol war chief, Yesugei Baghatur, gives birth to a baby boy. The baby is born with as blood clot in his fist. The blood clot is a sign that he will one day become a great leader. This baby grew up to be one of the greatest conquerors of all time, the mighty Mongol leader, known as Genghis Khan.Genghis Khan was born to Mongol war chief Yesugei Baghatur and his wife Hoelun, and was born Temujin. It is believed that he was named after a Tatar, which his father had killed. Temujin was born into the Mongol nomad clan, Borjigin. He was of noble background (his father being the chieftain), which would pay off in the years to come when he would solicit other tribes into his army.Temüjin had three brothers named Khasar, Khajiun, and Temüge, and one sister named Temülen, as well as two half-brothers named Bekhter and Belgutei.Temujin had a hard childhood, as did many Mongol children. At nine years old he was ‘delivered’ to the family of his future wife by his father. He was meant to live there in service of the family until he turned twelve, the correct age to marry.While returning to the clan after ‘delivering’ Temujin, Yesugei was poisened while having a meal with a Tatar clan (the tatars being enemies of the mongols). Upon hearing this, Temujin returned home and attempted to claim his rigvhtful position of khan, but the other tribesmen refused to be led by a child. Temujin and his family where then exiled by the tribe.For several years, Temujin and his family lived in the wilderness, eating whatever they could forage and hunt. While out hunting oner day, Temujin kill.ed his half brother Bekhter, claiming he had stolen his fish. The death of Bekhter made Temuijn head of the household as he was now the oldest.In 1182, Temujin was kidnapped and held prisoner by the Bjartskular (the wolf tribe). With the help of the father of a future general in Genghis’ army, he was able to escape.It was around this time that he joined with Jelme and Arslan (also future generals) and with the help of his brothers, had the manpower needed to gather more support. Temujin’s reputation had also spread after the story of his escape had spread.At the age of 16, Temuijn honoured the arranged marriage and married Borte of the Olkut'hun tribe, cementing an alliance with the tribe. Borte would later give birth to four sons. These would be the only of his children to play a role in controling the Mongols.Not long after the marriage, Borte was kidnapped by the Merkits. Temüjin rescued her with the help of his blood brother Jamuga, and his protector, Ong Khan of the Kerait tribe.Nine months after her rescue, Borte gave birth to a son. It is unknown if Temujin was the father, but despite that, Borte would still become Temujin’s only empress.Uniting The TribesIn the 1200’s, the Central Asian plateua (north of China) was broken up into many tribes or confederations, several of the more...

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