Genghis Khan And The Mongol Empire

1345 words - 5 pages

Genghis Khan, Mongol Emperor from 1167 to 1227, birth name Temujin, succeeded his father Yekusia, the chief of the Mongol tribe. Genghis Khan became famous for his well-organized army, twice the size of any other empire in history, with dictatorship abilities that were so powerful that it lasted a century after his death. Mongols were nomadic people, hunter-gatherers, herding sheep and horses and they were also known for killing off opposing armies who refused to join forces with them, subjugating millions who wanted to create empires of their own. Some rulers chose to collaborate and others refused. The ones who collaborated knew they weren’t any match for the Mongol empire, “There were perhaps 80,000 riders, trailed by a great herd of spare mounts. And in front they drove thousands of civilians, as human shields” 1. Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire led a conquest from Asia to Europe for over 150 years in the late 12th century. He left a great legacy through his laws and ideas while evoking religious freedom and laying the foundation for medieval globalization, unifying the Mongol and the Turkic tribes in Mongolia. Genghis Khan left wounds for ages in countries like China, Russia, India, the Middle East, and many parts of Europe for centuries to the point that people, in present day Mongolia, still view him as “God”. Mongols were more tolerant of other religions than many today because Genghis Khans had a mixture of religions in his clan from Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, to worshiper of Tengri (the ruler of heaven). His idea of conquest was not to separate people of different cultures, but to have as many followers in order to dilute opposing empire because strength and strategies were more important than for them. In my paper I will explain how Genghis Khan and his Empire exercised their resources and developed unique war tactics which paved the way for them becoming one of the world’s most powerful forces.
Many of their tactics were common, but the Mongol Empires ability to transform them into “sophisticated operational concepts that were characteristic of a permanent army”2 undoubtedly contributed to a big portion of their success. Their continuous development of strategies and tactics enabled them to plan steady expansions. Their methods were well-organized and as a result their army quickly evolved, from a small tribe to a huge empire. The Mongols used “light horse archers”3 which enhanced their mobility while allowing them to stay a distance from their opponent’s weapon, almost like a hit-and-run tactic, “showering the enemy with arrows”3, “At the right moment, normally when the enemy forces were drawn out, the Mongols wheeled around and annihilated them. These methods of war were augmented with surprise attacks, ambushes, and encirclements, and such a tactic ensured that Mongols did not require superior numbers to gain victory”4. The army tactics became very popular, tactics such as the “arrow storm” and the Rolling Barrage. The...

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