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Genocide In Darfur Essay

1717 words - 7 pages

As of February 2003 more than four-hundred thousand Darfuri citizens have been found slaughtered on the side of the streets of their home town. Prior to 2003, Darfur, Sudan has a population of six million people. In 2003, two rebel groups came to the conclusion of the government’s neglect in decision to rise against the government of Sudan. As a result, the Sudanese government unleashed the forces of Arab militias (also known as the Janjaweed). With blood on their hands, the Janjaweed have been the accused for the misplacing of many villages and people. As the war seems to expand, the Sudanese government seems to oppose any association with the Janjaweed. In spite of continuing a limited amount of humanitarian aid, many are still in contact with dreadful food shortages and disease. The U.N. (United Nations) has ventured in sending humanitarian aid repeatedly, but the Janjaweed have reused all help. Despite the ignorance of the Janjaweed, the U.N. is in the process of securing the comfort of all Darfur citizens, and not only for the foreigners, but for the road that lies ahead of Sudan as well (Reeves).
In 1898, Britain and Egypt took control over Sudan. This didn’t include Darfur, which was an independent territory ruled by a sultan. In 1916, Britain added Darfur to the territory it controlled. After World War II, in 1945, Britain and Egypt began preparing Sudan for independence. From 1945-1989, Darfur -remote from Khartoum and having invaluable resources- suffered neglect from all governments. Sudan has been independence since 1956. However, the journey that led to Sudan’s genocide in Darfur began in the late 1800s. It’s a complicated tale that involves conquest; internal politics; social, ethnical, racial, and regional tensions; religious extremist; drought, famine, and desertification; civil wars; and the political ambitions o other countries. In 1987, war erupted between Fur militias and the Arab Janjaweed. It ended in 1989, but Janjaweed attacks on “African” villages continued. Darfur’s situation worsened after the NIF came into power in 1989 (Levy, 16-22). In 2004, many soldiers were tried on trial; Brian Steridle served with the 2004 Cease-Fire monitoring committee in Darfur. He reports that the soldiers who attacked the villages told excuses for their actions. For example, they might falsely claim the reason they attacked a market-place filled with civilians was because rebels hiding on the market place attacked first, which were all obviously lies (Levy, 35). In addition, thirty-three rebel land cruisers attacked a government military base to destroy the airplanes and helicopters that had been destroying their villages. In relation, President Bashir let loose the dogs of war; and the green light was given to the Janjaweed militia groups. Denying any relation with the rebel groups, the government secretly supplied the Janjaweed with tanks, machine gun-mounted vehicles, additional helicopter gunships, and bombers...

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