Genocide In Sudan Essay

2072 words - 8 pages

Since gaining its independence in 1956 from the United Kingdom and Egypt, Sudan has been a
country stricken with violence. This violence continues on even today in the form of genocide. The
genocide committed in this country has horrified the international community for the last 15 years.
According to the Washington Post, over 450,000 Sudanese have died as a result of fighting, famine, or
disease since 2003 alone. There are several factors that contribute to the all out violence between the
Sudanese people. The first factor is the multicultural make up of the Sudan. Sudan is a country with
hundreds of tribes that do not see themselves in a nationalistic light. This is a major cause of the
internal fight of Sudan. The second is China’s influence over Sudan. China is currently the largest
importer of Sudan’s natural resources, and has supplied North Sudan with arms and finances. China has
also ignored most of the UN sanctions placed against Sudan. The third is Sudan’s neighboring
countries. Most of these countries have experienced some sort of turmoil themselves over the last 20
years, and contribute to a good portion of displaced persons found in Sudan. Unless the Sudanese can
address these factors, violence will continue in the Sudan.
Firstly, one must consider the multicultural composition of Sudan. Being the largest country in
Africa, Sedan has approximately 600 tribes within their borders. Tribes in the North are considered Arab
tribes, and tribes in the South are considered African or non-Arab. Many of these tribes have unique
cultures of their own. Take South Sudan for example, according to Peter Gatluak of the Sudan Vision
Daily, “They do not see themselves as South Sudanese, but as a member of tribe A or B (Gatluak 2011).”
He goes on to say that because of this, Sudanese don’t see themselves in a National perspective, and
therefore have no goals as a Nation. They are only concerned with how their tribe can benefit. The
same can be said about the Northern tribes as well. So, it becomes clear to see that with so many
different tribes all living in the same country, and all focused on their own agendas, why there would be
such conflict.
Sudan’s President, Omar al-Bashir, has maintained a nationalistic stance on the situation within
his country. Sarah El Deeb of the Associated Press writes, “President Omar al-Bashir has spent most of
his 21 years in power vowing to his supporters that he will hold Sudan together (El Deeb 2011)”. Despite
al-Bashir’s words however, he only exemplifies the vast difference among the cultures of his people. Al-
Bashir, being a Northern Sudanese, has lead genocide against hundreds of thousands of “his own
people. “ This leads one to conclude that he does not see his fellow countrymen as his equals, but as
enemies.
Some may argue that President al-Bashir’s actions against the South were warranted. After all,
the conflict began...

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