This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1133 words - 5 pages

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a.k.a. the DRC, or more commonly “the Congo”, has experienced an endless nightmare of violence, poverty, famine, sickness, and murder for the past 16 years. The constant bloodshed between the national and armed forces has led to countless civilian deaths, or the genocide in the Congo. Before I go on any further, I must explain what a genocide is. A genocide is the attempted destruction of an entire group of people. The most famous example is the Holocaust in which 6 million Jews were murdered during World War II. It is tragic to say that history has repeated itself and over 5 to 7 million Congolese civilians have lost their lives since 1996. In order to truly understand the events that are transpiring at this very moment, we must look back in the past to the root of this problem, see what is going on at this moment, and try to do something to help stop these atrocities.
According to BBC News, The Congo’s troubles started back in the early 19th century, when Belgium colonized the Congo and enslaved its citizens. It wasn’t until the 1960’s when the Congo finally gained its independence, however Joseph Mobutu came to power in 1965 and let the nation (renamed Zaire) fall apart due to his exploitation of the land’s abundance of natural resources (BBC News). In 1994, the Genocide in Rwanda occurred, were the dominant Hutu extremists slaughtered 800,000 ethnic Tutsis in Rwanda (ECI). According to the ICRtoP, the exiled Hutu extremists found refuge in Zaire and allied themselves with Mobutu. Rwanda and Uganda later invaded Zaire that year in what was known as the “First Congo War”, resulting in the overthrow of Mobutu, the installment of Laurent-Desire Kabila (who renamed the country to the DRC), and the Rwandan and Ugandan occupation of Zaire.
The Eastern Congo Initiative states that in 1998, Kabila demanded that the Rwandan and Ugandan forces leave the Congo for fear of the annexation of mineral rich territories. This led to led to another war in which the Congo and its neighbors helped drive out the occupying forces. This war involved 9 different countries, resulting in it being called “Africa’s First world War” (ECI). The war lasted for 5 years and took place entirely in the Congo, resulting in the deaths of 5 million Congolese civilians, most to to starvation or sickness (BBC News). The Congo never recovered, and to this day, Eastern Congo is unstable (BBC News).
In 2001, Kabila was assassinated, leading to him being replaced by his son Joseph Kabila (ECI). According to the Eastern Congo Initiative, the Congo held its first democratic elections in 2006, with Kabila being elected. At the same time, however, multiple armed groups gained power and began fighting over control of mineral resources in the Eastern Congo, resulting in more civilian lives. To this day they still continue to fight, and despite multiple peace treaties, the violence does not end (ECI).
At these moments, life in the Congo is a living...

Find Another Essay On Genocide in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

History of the Democratic Republic of Congo

1334 words - 6 pages nation to maintain its stability. The United States has had foreign relations with the country from 1960 and has signed many treaties to help promote growth in the region. One such document is the Peace, Security and Cooperation framework that exists between the United States and the Democratic Republic of the Congo as well as 10 other African nations. I believe that The Peace, Security and Cooperation framework definitely helps to promote the

The Rape in the Democratic Republic of Congo

687 words - 3 pages Since 1996, nearly four million people have died in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These tragedies evolve from several rebel armies that have a very important aspect in common: they target innocent people and they all use rape as a weapon of war. Although the civil war in Congo has only been going ongoing for five years, only recently has attention been drawn to the astounding number of rapes committed during the conflict. It is not known yet

Food Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo

980 words - 4 pages Script for Geography Good morning/afternoon Today I will talk about food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo. DR Congo is an African country that consists of over 2,300,000 square kilometres (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The population in DR Congo is around seventy-five and a half million people with an average life expectancy of 56 years, a lot shorter than Australians (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The

Coltan and Armed Conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo

2658 words - 11 pages Introduction The role of minerals as fuels to armed conflicts in poor countries has been long debated. Conversely, to date, policy initiatives towards the eradication of those clashes have not achieved any noteworthy breakthrough. This work addresses the specific case of the deadly conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the strategic position of a specific mineral commodity (coltan) in such framework. It starts with a short

Environmental assessment of The Democratic Republic of Congo

773 words - 4 pages Environmental Assessment The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a sub-Saharan African nation that has suffered through 32 years of totalitarian rule followed by coups and ongoing political turmoil (Zapata, 2011). Since February 2013 the Congolese government has been in talks with the largest rebel group M23 (The world factbook). Ongoing turbulence related to armed conflict has led to significant misplacement of the population and an

Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy

Why the Democratic Republic of Congo Is the Poorest Country in the World

1006 words - 5 pages Republic of Congo is the poorest country of the world and stand at the bottom in GNI with just only $370 GDP per capita (2012). The difference is $99630 GDP per capita-a massive number. Africa in general and the Democratic Republic of Congo in particular has fantastic place with rich land, labor and sunshine; however, D.R Congo people still confront with shortages of food, water and electricity. This largest country of Africa with its population

Democratic Republic of Congo Holocaust

1337 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Holocaust was the bloodiest war fought. This was due to the death toll, possibly larger than that of the Holocaust. Between 1998 and 2007, there were a total of 5.4 million people dead. The number of those deaths has definitely gone up over the years (Heaton 1). Genocide is very vital because of the people being slaughtered and giving their lives away in order to support their political stance. Everyone

Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in The Democratic Republic of Congo

2719 words - 11 pages Bryan Stipek Glob Found of Char and Lead -Dietrich GFCL 100-B 04/20/2014 Policy Paper Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in Democratic Republic of the Congo To: United Nations Security Council From: Bryan Stipek Representative of Humans Rights Watch Issue: The failure of the Congolese judicial system to adequately prosecute and hold accountable those who committed genocide, extreme and barbaric human rights violations. Human

Health Care Systems in Finland, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Turkey

2839 words - 12 pages To select the countries for this task I searched for different criteria’s for development of nations. For my mind most reliable and suitable I found from United Nations Specialized Agencies, like IMF, World Bank Group and naturally WHO. My selections for this task are in addition to Finland are Democratic Republic of the Congo (later DRC) and Turkey. DRC had the lowest GNI in year 2012 in the world, being 220 USD per capita and in year 2000 it

Democratic Republic of Congo: Development Policy Issues

1593 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this

Similar Essays

Genocide In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

1038 words - 5 pages Genocide is the deliberate and systematic extermination or destruction of a racial, national, political, and cultural group. Genocide is being tolerated everywhere because almost nobody knows or talks about the problem. For example the democratic republic of Congo is at risk since 1996. Genocide also occurs because of hatred and different viewpoints. This problem of genocide occurring or about to occur in the D.R.C. is one example of tolerance

The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

2744 words - 11 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo Formerly known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC) is located in the center of Africa bordered by nine different countries and one territory. (Lerner, 10) The bordering countries are Central African Republic and Sudan at the northern boarder, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi on the eastern boarder, Zambia and Angola directly South of DROC and Congo on the Western boarder. DROC is

The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1622 words - 6 pages , which is the capital of modern democratic republic of the Congo, was conquered. In 1892 and 1894, east Congo was forcibly taken from the control of east African Arab and Swahili traders. King Leopold did not have sufficient funds to develop the Congo. He received loans from the Belgium parliament in 1889 and 1895. At that same time, Leopold declared all unoccupied lands belonged to the state giving himself many of the natural resources including

Description Of The Democratic Republic Of Congo

1771 words - 8 pages Identification / Description of the Country Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly called Zaire) is a country that is located in Central Africa. This is a country that has a deep root in violence and bloodshed, yet at the same time it is rich in natural resources and minerals. It shares a common border with the following countries: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia