Genome Of Cannabis Sativa Essay

3418 words - 14 pages

DNA sequencing and functional analysis of potential LEAFY (LFY) homolog in Cannabis sativaDanny Perretti & Lisa KlingerSci. Inv. Tech.Dr. ConnorsAbstract Flower development in angiosperms is controlled by meristem identity genes. One such gene is the FLORICAULA/LEAFY gene which is responsible for reproductive transition and flower spatial patterning. It is not known if Cannabis sativa, an angiosperm species, possesses a FLO/LFY homolog that could play a central role in the flowering development of this plant. Through DNA sequencing and analysis, we will determine if such a homolog exists. If so, this FLO/LFY homolog can be isolated and results will provide insight into the largely unknown Cannabis sativa genome and how the flowering of buds is controlled and expressed. This homolog may play a crucial role in the flower development of Cannabis sativa and could serve as a functional flower meristem identity gene in this plant species as well. Through identification and analysis of the FLO/LFY homolog, and presuming it does share the same biological characteristics and roles as the FLORICAULA/LEAFY gene, further functional analysis can be carried out. Spatial expression patterns during flower induction periods will show when this discovered FLO/LFY homolog is being mainly expressed. This information will allow for the possibility of developing a way in which to promote early flower development in the Cannabis sativa species which could be beneficial by increasing mass production and reducing costs brought on by pharmaceutical companies generating Cannabis sativa for medical use.The general subject of interest is identifying and analyzing homologs of the LEAFY gene. The LEAFY gene is a flower integrator gene and an important part of the flowering process in angiosperms. LFY has a part in a plants transformation from the vegetative stage to the reproductive stage, referred to as the floral transition. The LFY gene is also very important in the regulation of flower development (Xu, Han, Pan, & Pang, 2012) . Flower development is dependent on a gene regulated pathway, consisting of three major steps; the transformation of the vegetative shoot apical meristem into an inflorescence meristem, the formation of floral meristems on the inflorescence meristem through the aggregation of undifferentiated cells, and the development of floral organs after floral meristem differentiation. The LFY gene has a specific role in the second step of the flower development process. Considered a floral meristem identity gene, the LFY gene is partially responsible for the production of floral meristems located on the sides of the inflorescence meristems (Liu, Thong, & Yu, 2009). The LEAFY gene's significant role in a plants floral transition is what makes this subject area interesting. Research being done in this field of study can potentially have a huge impact on society. The ability to control the expression of a gene such as the LFY gene makes it possible to...

Find Another Essay On Genome of Cannabis Sativa

Hemp/Cannabis Essay

5306 words - 21 pages kinds of cannabis or marijuana found all over the world. There are Sativa, Indica, Ruderails or hybrid. And each of them have great potentiality in various ways. Cannabis Sativa is also call hemp. These pants are bit more taller than the other two and the leafs of the plant are more narrow from others. Cannabis sativa contains THC and CBD in a balanced amount.there are lot of uses of cannabis Sativa. Sativa was used in America for more than

Alternative Drugs Essay

2631 words - 11 pages work well in the mental area. Meditation, for example, feels as if you are cleansing your mind and spirit, and after you feel “new”. Another example for mental health is religion. Finding something to have hope in can be very comforting for the mind and soul and can affect your attitude positively. Different types of cannabis have different effects. There are two different types of cannabis, sativa and indica. Sativa is more of an energetic


816 words - 4 pages most thought of is the act of getting high. However, there are people who are prescribed cannabis for medical reasons. Most people who are prescribed medical marijuana use it to treat many different medical conditions such as nausea, pain, insomnia, ADHD, HIV/AIDS, and cancer. (Capler) Cannabis Sativa, although mostly called marijuana, is like many other drugs in that it originates from a plant. Cannabis is one of the many drugs that come from

Marijuana 2

879 words - 4 pages are the leaves and flowering tops (buds) which may be either smoked or eaten; It also comes in a more concentrated resinous form called hashish, and as a sticky black liquid called hash oil.There are three distinct species of cannabis: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis, though there is some argument as to whether these should be considered varieties rather than species. Most recreationally used cannabis is the result of

Investigating the Solubility of Table Salt in Distilled Water at Different Temperatures

3324 words - 13 pages , commonly known as Marijuana is a member of the Cannabinaceae originating from the hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa). It is described as a naturally grown erect, bushy herb plant with saw toothed leaves and fluted stalks ranging in height from three feet to twenty five feet approximately. Cannabis is available in three main forms, as a dried herb (usually known as grass), as a resin (usually known as hash or hashish) that is


1299 words - 6 pages ). Not all cannabinoids contain chemicals that create psychoactive effects. If patients would rather utilize cannabis in a way that does not induce a 'high', then cannabinoids that do not produce a psychoactive effect would be ideal for this grouping of suffering patients. The premise of cannabis research study in Brazil is to prove the non-psychoactive and non-psychotomimetic compounds of cannabis sativa, cannabidiol, as an anxiolytic drug

Hemp: Marijuana's Innocent Cousin

1663 words - 7 pages to be granted a license to grow hemp, their background can be checked if necessary. To avoid children under the age of eighteen from coming into contact with hemp, the growers must be prohibited from planting cannabis sativa near facilities that many young persons attend such as schools and day care centers ( There are a plethora of benefits of legalizing hemp. The cannabis sativa could thrive in the markets of oil and

Hemp: Marijuana's Innocent Cousin

1412 words - 6 pages replace other resources that damage the environment. Hemp is among the oldest plants in the world. Scientists have discovered roots or fabrics of hemp in the continent of Asia that date over five thousand years ago ( Cannabis sativa, or hemp, as it is most widely known, is a plant closely related to marijuana. This plant can grow from ten to twenty feet in height, and thrives most during the summer in areas with large

Cannabis Sativa

655 words - 3 pages Cannabis Sativa Cannabis is marijuana or any other substance derived from the hemp plant. The plant has many different uses from Hemp products to medicinal purposes. This paper will talk about the plant as a whole and it’s usefulness. Marijuana is a Mexican slang term from the 1930’s referring to the medicine part of cannabis, which Mexican soldiers used to smoke. Nearly 70 million Americans have smoked marijuana at some time in

Why the United States Should Legalize the Use of Marijuana

1742 words - 7 pages be; if marijuana were to be legalized as a controlled substance and taxed to adults it will bring a positive outlook for America industrially, medically, religiously, decriminalizing, and economically boosting. First, what exactly is marijuana? According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy, marijuana is “a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa.” Cannabis

Cannabis and Cognitive Functioning

1599 words - 7 pages Cannabis and Cognitive Functioning Andrew McKeever Bucknell University Cannabis and Cognitive Functioning The debate concerning recreational and medical use of cannabis has historically been incredibly controversial and its popularity is increasing. Many claim that there are no downsides to its use, often falling back on the “alcohol is worse for you” argument, while those who oppose its use say otherwise. In 2013, the

Similar Essays

Efects Of Cannabis. Is About All Of The Negative Effects Cannabis Rosebay Secondary College Essay

421 words - 2 pages Cannabis Cannabis, or marijuana, is the most commonly used illegal drug. It comes from the Cannabis sativa plant. It can be smoked or eaten, and comes in a variety of forms, such as dried plant leaves and flowers (‘heads’), a crumbly, light-brown or dark-brown resinous material called ‘hash’, or a very potent oil called ‘hash oil’. There are many different names for cannabis such as marijuana, weed, pot, kush, dope, grass, head, mary-jane

A Colorado Bonanza: What’s The Regional Business Significance Of The Cannabis Legalization?

708 words - 3 pages Cannabis or marijuana is a flowering plant that includes three main types; Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. All of those three types differ from each other by different characteristics, such as size, aroma, flower appearance, THC/CBD ratio, effect etc. Cannabis Sativa is the most common form of cannabis worldwide. Sativa provides an energetic, cerebral and inspiring “high”, usually followed by a craving for high caloric

It's Time To Allow Medical Marijuana

509 words - 2 pages Class B drug. This means if you are found in possession or found to be involved in supplying it you can be put in prison for a maximum of 14 years or an unlimited fine.      This is Cannabis. It comes in three forms, dried herb, resin or a sticky liquid. They all come from the plant Cannabis Sativa which grows throughout the world. Cannabis is most commonly smoked. Sometimes it is smoked with tobacco which has the

Cannabis And Thc Effects Health Assignment

840 words - 4 pages INTRO Cannabis is the most usually utilized unlawful medication in Australia. It is produced using the dried blossoms and leaves of a plant called Cannabis Sativa. Different names for cannabis are maryjane, grass, reflect on, pot, dope and Yandi. Cannabis can look like dried herbs or tea. Some of the time it contains seeds or twigs. It can be dark, green or darker in shading. Cannabis is normally smoked close by moved cigarettes called joints