Geoffrey Chaucer Essay

1233 words - 5 pages

Geoffrey ChaucerIntroduction Geoffrey Chaucer is one of the greatest English poets ever lived. His masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales, was one of the most important works of world literature. His works provide a great contribution to English literature in using English at a time when much poetry was still written in Latin or other major language during that time.Chaucer's Family and Early Life Not much is known about Chaucer's early life. According to source, Chaucer was born in the early 1340 (Macropedia 760). Chaucer was born to a middle class English family. His father, John Chaucer was a wine merchant and deputy to the king's servant (Macropedia 760). While he was a child in London, Chaucer attended the prestigious school, St. Paul's Almonry for his education. While schooling in St. Paul, Chaucer studied French, Italian, and Latin (Pearsall 29). In 1357, Chaucer took a position in the royal court of Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster (Macropedia 760). With the help of his father John, Chaucer was able to work with other teenagers in serving for the royal family. His job in the court were to make beds, carry candles; much like the job of a butler. While serving for the royal court, Chaucer had great opportunities to travel, study law, and learn more about the court. After two years of serving, Chaucer joined Edward III army in France (Macropedia 760) . During the battle of Reims, Chaucer was captured and imprison. Heard about the capture, the King paid a large sum for his release. After Chaucer's release, the King appointed him to serve as a messenger during the peace negotiations in 1360 from Calais to England (Macropedia, 760).Chaucer Life After Marriage Chaucer was married to Philippa Pan in 1366 (Pearsall 41). Philippa was also a service in the royal court. Philippa served as a servant to the Queen. Chaucer and Philippa had two children during their marriage. During his service with the King, Chaucer received an income for life from the King as his best servant (Stanburrough 13). His life was well-off and financial stable. During his service to the King, Chaucer was able to travel abroad on diplomatic mission to France, Flanders, and Italy where he learned great things and read works from famous writer such as Dante, Boccaccio, and many more writers, which he later borrowed to write some of his own legendary work.Chaucer's Works While under the King's service, Chaucer began to write poetry in his spare times. Chaucer wrote and read his works to fellow courtiers and officials and was probably heard by the royal family. His first important work, Book of the Duchess, was a funeral poem for John of Gaunt's first wife, Blanche who died in 1369 (Pearsall 83-84). The poem contained more than 1,300 lines of great poetry and according to sources, it was composed between 1369 or early 1370 (Pearsall 86). Chaucer's other works, such as Le Roman de la Rose, was a borrowed work from the French poets, Guillaume...

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