Geography Shapes the Course of Iraq War
The course of the Iraq War has been shaped immensely by the geography of the region for nearly 40 years. The movement of Iraq forces throughout the region, for better or worse, has had many effects on the way in which the way has gone. For instance, these forces often threatened certain resources needed by many countries and regions. The result of this was often war or conflict, concluding in a devastating amount of casualties. This also left Iraq with debt as well as very low resources such as food and water. The basis of the whole entire war has been on certain aspects of the geography, which has had a result of creating many small wars throughout this whole ordeal as well as many other consequential occurrences.
Geography affects this war through many different ways. Even the most simplistic of all military objectives require some sort of understanding of the geography of the region. Whether this would include the climate or just the physical geography of the area, it does affect decisions made and how tactics are ran. The main way physical geography would have an impact, is that it would help in understanding certain aspects of the environment. Thus this would allow leaders to create clear and effective plans for the war. Without comprehending this, it may result in more casualties, or even losing the war. Without understanding certain cultural and political boundaries, the war could become even more devastating. To have no comprehension of this would result in destruction and turmoil among the frontline.
In September 1980, a very destructive war with Iran was started by Saddam Hussein. This was a result of an invasion in Iran. This invasion spurred an eight year war. Saddam used chemical warfare, and to combat this Iranians used gas warfare. A suppression of Turks, or the anfal, was also started in 1987. During this time the United States had supported Iraq. The Western powers also supported Iraq, helping Saddam with the creation of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. Although, in 1981 Israel attacked and destroyed a nuclear reactor in which Saddam had hoped to make a bomb. In 1988, both countries eventually agreed to peace. The results of the war were catastrophic with a total of about one million Iraqi and Iranian casualties. Only two years later, Hussein started a war with Kuwait on false claims that it had stolen from Iraq's oilfields. Another one of Hussein's false claims was that he stated Kuwait was Iraq's Nineteenth province. With this said, the first Gulf War was started in 1990 (Eugene 4)
Within three days, Iraq had taken over Kuwait and threatened Saudi Arabian oilfields. In response to this, the United States initiated Operation Desert Shield to protect Saudi Arabia. Operation Desert Storm began only 4 months after Iraq's initial intent on invading Kuwait. Within almost 4 days, US forces drove out Iraq all the way from Kuwait to the southern border of Iraq.
Due to this...