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The Japanese Earthquake And Consequent Tsunami

1630 words - 7 pages

Japan – Fukushima

Introduction

On March 11, 2011 at 2:46 PM, Japanese time, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake hits, but was later upgraded to a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, happens 231 miles northeast of Tokyo, Japan, at a depth of 15.2 miles. The pacific tsunami-warning centre sends out a warning to Japan all the way to The United States of America. Around an hour later after the earthquake the waves hits. The waves got up to 30ft high when they hit the Japanese coast. The waves caused widespread devastation washing away cars like they were sticks, collapsing buildings and destroying roads and highways.

Causes

This Tsunami costed the Japanese government 25 trillion yen ($300 billion) dollars. The earthquake happened because of the thrust faulting on or around the subduction zone interface plate boundary between the pacific and North American plates. According to scientists who has look at this disaster Japan has shifted 8 feet (2.4 meters) East towards North America. The earthquake has also caused the earth to move between 4 and 6.5 (10–16cm) inches on its axis. This earthquake caused the tsunami because when the earthquake happened it suddenly shifted the sea floor in vertical motion, which moved the water Colum above it. This process started a series of giant waves called a tsunami.

Impacts

For the Japanese government this was the worst thing that could happen to them in the way that they lost a lot of citizens but also financially. This effected not only the Japanese government with damage costs but also the manufacturing business, exporting business and the insurance business. The Insurance companies claims ran into the billions. The manufacturing business was suspended along with car exports.

March 12, 2011, on that night an aftershock of 6.2 magnitudes hit Nagano and Niigata. At 5:00 they put out an emergency warning at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Officials report that the tsunami and earthquake have knocked out the power source and also closed down the back up generators. The Japanese nuclear and industrial safety agency releases a comment saying that the radiation near the plants main gate is more than eight times the normal level. At the Fukushima Daiichi power plant 3 out of 4 units failed and this prompted a state of emergency. At the smallest 6 million Japanese homes are without electricity and water. The US geological survey reports that the earthquake shows to have disrupted Honshu, which is japans main land. The death toll for this horrible disaster is 15,884, which was recently updated February 10, 2014.

Responses

Around 9,500 people who, is half of the towns population, are shown to be missing in Minamisanriku on Japans Pacific coast. By this point in time not many people are worrying about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant because there was so much commotion about what they have just witnessed. People whom where lucky enough ran to higher ground and watched the wave break through the...

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