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Geography: Customs, Culture And Government Of Jordan

1787 words - 7 pages


Introduction
Jordan is located in the center of the Middle East and it shares borders with Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. It is also next to the Dead Sea and the Jordan River. Jordan has a terrain of about 35,475 square miles (Advameg, Inc., 2014). Jordan is unique because it has sand mountains and colorful rocks, plus it has barren deserts and fertile valleys. The main language of Jordan is Arabic but English is also taught and spoken. The capital of Jordan is Amman (Advameg, Inc., 2014).
Their flag has 4 colors: black, white, red, and green. The flag contains of horizontal stripes black, white, and green in that order and it has a red triangle on the left side of the hoist. In the triangle is a seven-pointed star. The flag of Palestine is much similar to the flag of Jordan but the only difference is that flag of Palestine doesn’t have a star (Advameg, Inc., 2014).
One of the most exciting places to go visit while in Jordan is the Petra. The Petra is the best tourist attraction in Jordan and it is valued there enormously. The Petra is giant red mountains carved into sheer rock and turned into a beautiful city. It is said that people settled there about 2,000 years ago (Jordan Tourism Board, 2013). To enter into the Petra you first have to go through a gorge that is about one kilometer. Next to that on each side are 80m high cliffs soaring right beneath you. It was carved in the early 1st century and they call it “a rose-red city half as old as time” (Jordan Tourism Board, 2013). As you continue moving forward (Jordan Tourism Board, 2013)
and walking around to explore the Petra you will come to see all its natural beauty and beautiful architecture. There they have rock cut tombs with unique and amazing carvings that will blow your mind. The tombs were made to last and 500 remain at this point now (Jordan Tourism Board, 2013).


Government
Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, meaning that there is a king or queen that is the official head of state, but the elected officials run the government. This means that the head of state isn’t in full control of the country because elected officials run the government. It was first based on the constitutional promulgated on January 8th, 1952( Michigan State University, 1994-2014). Then on October 1st, 2011, it was amended (Michigan State University, 1994-2014). The kings job is to execute the laws and also sign them, but if (Lynch, Jordan's cabinet shuffle) both houses of parliament oppose the kings power, it can be overridden by 2/3rds of their votes (Michigan State University, 1994-2014). The king is also supposed to say when to fight or declare war, he can also sign amendments, and command arm forces into battle when said so (Michigan State University, 1994-2014).
Right now, the current head of state is King Abdullah II ibn Al-Hussein and the head of government is Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour. Fifty-five members of the upper house were appointed for a four year...

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