Geography: History, Culture And Economy Of Estonia

1982 words - 8 pages

Capital
Tallinn is the major capital of Estonia with a population of approximately 390 thousand. Located along the coast of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, is one of the largest cities of Estonia in habiting nearly thirty percent of the total population in Estonia. Home of one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe, Toopea Hill, located the center of Tallinn, features architecture which originated in the 15th and 17th century. Various notable site in Toopea are the Russian grand orthodox church, the Nevky cathedral, and their St Mary’s Cathedral, which is considered to be the country oldest cathedral since 1229. Other cities in Estonia are Tartu, Narvu, Kohtla, Jarve, and Parnu. Languages spoken are Estonian, Russian, and German, all of which is widely well-spoken and understood.

History on Estonia
In the 13th century, Estonia was under constant rule and resisting assault from neighboring nations until declaring independence until the 1990’s. in 1346, the Danish, who were in possession of northern Estonia, sold their territory off to the Teutonic knight of Germany, a religious military order back in medieval times who had possession of southern Estonia and Latvia(past known as Livonia). Under the knight’s rule, the Estonians were reduced to serfdom, which classifies as the lowest class of society (peasants, slaves, etc.). In 1526, the Swedish were next to in line to take over. Less than 200 years later, in 1721, under the Peace of Nystad, Russia became Sweden’s successor in control over Estonia. Estonia was subjected under Baltic and Czarist until months ending of WWI. During that time, Estonia first achieved independence (1918-1920); shortly months after the start of WWII the nation was once again occupied by Russia and incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940. In March of 1990 Estonia declared independence from the Soviet Union. With the recognition of other European nations, Estonia was acknowledged nationhood by the Soviet Union on September 6th, 1991. Later, Estonia became a member of the National Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) and the member of the European Union (EU) a few months after.

Geography
Estonia is located in the northern Baltic region of Europe; also located near the Baltic Sea in the west and the Gulf of Finland in the north. Estonia can be found north of Latvia and west of Russia. Estonia has 15 counties with the state with Harju County being the largest, it hold nearly 40 percent of the population due to the nation’s capital, Tallinn being set there. Other counties in Estonia are Laane, Viljandi, Laane-Viru, Polva, Rapla, Jarva, Muhu, Tartu Saare, Voru, Jogeva, Parnu, and Ida-Viru Hiiu. The geo graphical terrain of Estonia is mostly lowlands and low elevation with many rivers, lakes and forest throughout the country. The largest lake with in Estonia is the lake peipius, along with its two main rivers, Narva and Emjogi; all which flow toward the lake and the Gulf of Finland.

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