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Geography Of India Essay

950 words - 4 pages

     I would like to present to you the country of India. A country one-third the area of the United States (total land mass is 2,973,190 sq. kilometers) borders China on the northeast, Pakistan on the west, Nepal and Blutan to the north, and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. It is divided into three categorical geographic regions: the Gangetic Plain, the plateau region in the south, the Himalayan region in the north, which contains some of the highest mountains in the world and a central part. India has a population of 1,027,015,247 than speaks a whopping seventeen different languages. India has several religions but six major religions are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jinism.
     Under a federal republic government and abiding by a “constitution that forbids the practice of 'untouchability,' and legislation has been used to reserve quotas for former untouchables (and also for tribal peoples) in the legislatures, in education, and in the public services, the caste system continues to be influential”(India Peace & Culture).
     The country has grown to the second most populous country in the world. Its population has to deal with a climate that is often desribed as tropical monsoon type. There are four seasons: “winter (January- February), hot weather summer ( march- may), rainy south-western monsoon ( June- September) and post- monsoon, also known as the north-east monsoon in the southern peninsula ( October- December). India's climate is affected by two seasonal winds- the north-east monsoon and south-west monsoon. The north-east monsoon commonly known as winter monsoon blows sea to land after crossing the Indian Ocean, the Arabiab Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The south-west monsoon brings most of the rainfall during the year in the country”(Geo. Of India). It has eight climatic zones that have only in common with one another monsoon rains. Within miles of one another you can shift from a freezing cold air to the dry air of the Rajasthan Desert.
     There are five main geographical regions in India: Himalaya mountains, Indo-Gangetic plains, Thar desert, Deccan plateau, and the Coastal plains. Beginning with the Himalaya's to the north. The mountain range separates the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. It is home to 14 of the world's highest peaks and is the planet's highest mountain system. They stretch across five nation's: Pakistan, India, China, Bhutan, and Nepal. An estimated 750 million people live on the areas around the Himalaya rivers, which includes Bangladesh. Vegetation across the range varies with climate and altitude. The lower regions show a forest that contains shrubery, plants, and trees that tend to fall off due to winter seasons. In the higher region of the Himalaya's lies a vegetation area that consisted of temperate forests, conifers, and tundra. The Himalaya's are topped off with...

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