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Geography: Regions Of Canada Essay

806 words - 3 pages

Chapter 1: Regions of Canada describe regionalism and how it divides countries, specifically Canada, naturally into six regions: British Columbia, Western Canada, Territorial North, Ontario, Quebec, and Atlantic Canada. These regions have been divided in a manner that correlates ‘like spaces’ in regards to human and physical geography (Bone, p.6) along with Canada’s historical development. The second key feature of chapter 1 describes Canada’s faultlines and they’re affects on Canada’s regional divide. There are four faultlines within Canada that reciprocate tensions that are mostly solved by being “soft” through negotiation and discussion (according to John Ralston Saul, Bone, p. 10). Bone places a great focus on these faultlines, which include: centralist/decentralist, Aboriginal/Non-Aboriginal, French/English Canadians, and newcomer/old-timer. “Canada’s heterogeneous nature often forms the basis of regional quarrels” (Bone, p. 11) particularly for the centralist/decentralist faultline. English/French speaking Canadians focus on Quebec and sovereignty, while the Aboriginal/Non-Aboriginal faultline deals with land claims, settlement and colonized peoples. Newcomers/old-timers refer to immigrants and settlers of Canada. The core/periphery model is a key concept that is commonly referred to throughout the text. It depicts the core as concentrations of power/wealth/population, with the periphery/hinterland as the weakly developed, resource based area.
Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Base emphasizes reasoning for which its physical geography attributes to its regional geography, along with the population distribution and developing core regions. This chapter outlines main geological structure, landforms, climate, and impact on human activity, including the seven physiographic regions. The Canadian Shield is the largest and ancient physiographic region in Canada that mainly consists of rugged, rolling upland. It is shaped like an inverted saucer and was affected by the Ice Age through glacial erosion and deposition. (Bone, p. 36-37). The Cordillera is ‘a complex region of mountains, plateaus, and valleys’ with a North-South alignment that extends from southern B.C to the Yukon. It was formed from the collision of the tectonic and Pacific plates. (Bone, p.38) The Interior Plains is a large sedimentary plain that is situated in between the Canadian Shield and the Cordillera, where basins, glacial spillways, and valleys are structured. The Hudson Bay Lowland lies primarily in Northern Ontario where permafrost and muskeg are present, causing the land’s majority to be poorly drained due to the past Isostatic rebound. Arctic Lands lie north of the Arctic Circle and is composed of coastal plains, plateaus, and mountains with three sub-regions. ‘Permafrost, patterned ground, and pingos’ give the Arctic Lands they’re unique landscape....

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