All of the diagrams and information has been referenced in the bibliography. All graphs used have been cited and the original source of the diagrams has been stated in the bibliography. The name on the writer of the article or document has been stated as well as the date on which it was written.
Figure 1 illustrates all of the constructed dams in the UAE. These are the main sources of the water in Dubai. As seen there are plenty of dams yet only a few of the dams can take a sufficient amount of water. The advantages of this are that the groundwater can seep through the soil and enter into the water source. A lot of this water is used in irrigation. Dubai gets most of this water from spring, flood runoff or groundwater. The capacity of these dams varies greatly. The largest dam is located in Shuaib. This dams capacity is that of 20.0Mm3. Yet the smallest dam, Eden has a capacity of 0.05Mm3. This results in some areas having access to majority of the countries water.
Figure 2 is showing where the water comes from in Dubai. As seen, most of the water comes from brackish water source. Brackish water is water that is more salty that fresh water but not as salty as seawater. These are usually located at estuaries as the salty water of the sea meets the fresh water from a river. The second largest source would be the desalination of water. Even though this is effective, it costs a lot of money to produce fresh water from salty water. There is not a lot of ground water available so treated water is also used. The treated water cannot be used in the home as it may still contain bacteria. The treated water is usually used for irrigation of crops. The treated water is also knows as grey water. The irrigation that this water is used for would be drip irrigation.
As seen in Figure 3, throughout the years there is a large fluctuation in the amount of rainfall that Dubai receives. This would results in less water some of the years and the people of Dubai would have to find other ways to get water. The discharge of the water is higher than the amount of rainfall as it fluctuates. During the year 1988 the discharge level is higher than the amount of rainfall. This could be a result of other abundant sources in that year that have produced water for the country. Occasionally the discharge level is higher than the amount of rainfall meaning that other sources are producing more water.
Figure 4 Illustrates how the water supplies are used in Dubai. As one can see, most of the water is used for agricultural purposes. Even though industry is a big part of Dubai’s economy, not a lot of water is used in this area. The second largest consumer of water would be the domestic use of water. There are many parts of a home that requires water, such as for hygiene purposes or the washing of dishes and clothes. As seen in Figure 5 the UAE is one of the top users of water in the world behind the USA and Canada. The UAE uses about 353 liters of water per...