Geography: The Federal Republic Of Ethiopia

1397 words - 6 pages

Ethiopia is a federal republic, which means power is held by the people and representatives they elect. Affairs of the state are a “public matter” rather than privately accommodated. Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. (Releasing children from poverty Compassion in Jesus' name, 2014) Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the northeast African region known as the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is considered landlocked because it is bordered on the west by the Sudan, the east by Somalia and Djibouti, the south by Korea, and the northeast by Eritrea. (infoplease Pearson Education, 2000-2014) (Ethiopia Facts, Ethiopia Flag -- National Geographic, 1996-2014)Ethiopia has a high central plateau, with some mountains reaching more than 13,000 feet. “The Great Rift Valley splits the plateau diagonally. The western highlands get summer rainfall; the lowlands and eastern highlands are hot and dry.” Ethiopia’s population mostly resides in the western highlands as does the capital, Addis Ababa, the highest capital city in Africa at 8,000 feet. The population is almost evenly split between Christians, living in the highlands, and Muslins living in the lowlands. “The Oromo, Amhara, and the Tigreans are the largest ethnic groups.” (Ethiopia Facts, Ethiopia Flag -- National Geographic, 1996-2014)
Ethiopia’s history spans 2,000 years, during which the Ethiopian Orthodox Church held the kingdom’s Christianity secure against Islamic holy wars; however, hunger and war still plague this nation. Emperor Haile Selassie the last of the monarchs was dethroned in 1974, all of whom avoided European colonialism, except for Italian occupation from 1936 to 1941. (Ethiopia Facts, Ethiopia Flag -- National Geographic, 1996-2014)
Since the fourth century when Christianity was introduced into the country, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church has traditionally been the center of education; until Menilik II introduced modern education into the country about a century ago, literacy was limited to the church. Since the educational system catered to the needs of the civil service and bureaucracy with little to no focus to the development of vocational skills for so long, this caused a distorted perception of education and supported society’s negative attitude towards manual laborers or skilled people. Although communities are putting pressure on the Ethiopian government to build schools, as a means of getting out of abject poverty, a high percentage of children do not attend school. A high dropout rate for those that do attend, and low rates of girls’ participation along with the failure of the curriculum to generate useful skills relevant to the economy, Ethiopia continues to remain poverty stricken. (Releasing children from poverty Compassion in Jesus' name, 2014)
Religion in Ethiopia is a part of everyday life and is practiced openly; even the language is full of references to God. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church dominates on...

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