George Iii's Reign Essay

1468 words - 6 pages

THESIS STATEMENT
George III was constitutionally accurate in his actions concerning his American colonies.
INTRODUCTION
George III was constitutionally accurate in his actions concerning his American colonies. He was justified in his decision to tax the American colonies and continue the war campaign against America.
George III succeeded the throne from his grandfather, George II, in 1760 at the age of twenty-two. He is the third king of England of the Hanoverian line of kings. He is mainly remembered, by both Americans and British alike, for losing the American colonies. George III is also recognized as the most cultured King Great Britain ever had. He built and studied from his own library which included his collection of 65,000 books, the Royal Academy which is still open today, and his own astronomic observatory. He was also the first King of England to include science as part of his education.
On July 4, 1776 fifty-six the American colonies’ leaders signed their names on to the Declaration of Independence “…declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown…” (US Declaration Ind.). The Declaration of Independence states that King George III is a tyrant and lists eighteen offences against him justifying that he “is unfit to rule a free people.” (US Declaration Ind.). On the other hand, the people of Great Britain backed up their King because he tended to the national interest of his people.

TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESNTATION?
The American Revolution was sparked by Parliament’s passing of the Stamp Act in 1764. This law laid a tax, of varying amounts, on every piece of parchment with writing on it. The colonists essentially refused to put up with this new law and it was soon made clear that the only way of implementing this law in the colonies was by the brute force of the military. This was the first time King George and Parliament asserted real government authority over the American colonies. An old English law states “no taxation without representation” (Schanzer 18). The colonists argued that Parliament could not institute this law on them because they did not have representatives to vote for or against this decree. They felt that they had the same rights of the Englishmen of the mother land and therefore should not have to pay this tax. Parliament needed to tax the American colonies to help settle their national debt which was raised to £129,586,789 after the Seven Years war. George III thought that God gave the nobleman the divine right to rule over the less fortunate and that they must obey. All of the Englishmen were taxed and so it seemed fair to tax the American colonies as well.
The taxation on the Yankees, which was a slanderous term used by the Englishmen for a person of the Americas, was mainly to pay for the military that Parliament sent to oversees to ensure the colonies were under control of the...

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