George Orwell, born under the name Eric Arthur Blair, was born in British India in the
year 1903. When Orwell turned one, his mother moved him and his older sister to England, where
about four years later, he attended a private school in which he learned about the English class
system. This school, a Roman Catholic convent, was run by recently exiled French nuns.
Although Orwell’s mother wanted her children to grow up and learn in a public school, the family
could not afford the fees. The only option for Orwell was to get scholarship money in order to pay
the fees. Orwell not only entered into competitions, but the headmaster of the school made a
private deal with his mother that stated she would only have to pay for half of the normal fees.
Orwell studied at Eton until he was able to pass the entrance exam, and this is where he became
very opinionated about the subject and attempted to make a career out of teaching and also
writing about his political views on the side.
George Orwell also lived a certain lifestyle that contributed to his political views and his
social views. He began to serve other people in hopes to diminish the guilt that he felt about his
character and who he was becoming. It was by “immersing himself in the life of the poor and the
outcast people of Europe” in which he thought he could do so (George Orwell 7). These
experiences allowed Orwell to come up with ideas for books to write that would not only become
well-known books later on, but he also wrote as a way to get his thoughts out of his head.
George Orwell began teaching at an all boys school at The Hawthorns High School in
West London. While he was teaching here, he was waiting for his first book to get published,
Down and Out in Paris and London. Although his birth name was Eric Arthur Blair, he felt that
publishing his book under a different name would be the best way to avoid any embarrassment to
his family. Orwell then decided to take the next step and leave Hawthorns to teach at Frays
College in West London. He started earning money and bought a motorcycle in which he
enjoyed driving around through the countryside and exploring. On one of these trips, however,
he returned home with something other than his motorcycle, pneumonia. Orwell spent time in the
hospital and was said to be near death, but he fought hard and overcame the sickness. By the
time he was able to recover, he no longer had the job at Frays College, and a couple years later,
he married Eileen O’ Shaughnessy.
When the Spanish Civil war broke out, Orwell was enlisted in the militia until he was
wounded. Orwell went into the war, not thinking much about the Communists and treated them
as allies. This, however, would soon change. Orwell was shot in the throat and the bullet missed
one of his major arteries by the slightest bit, and when he was recovered he was sent home. Since
he and his wife were both Fascist, they had to lie low...