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George Orwell: Politics And Classism Essay

9483 words - 38 pages

George OrwellPolitics and Classism.IndexIntroduction.The History of George Orwell.Road to Wigan pierAnimal FarmNineteen eighty-fourConclusion.IntroductionIn this dissertation my main aim to describe George Orwell and find out what made him tick. Orwell was and is one of the most quoted men who ever lived and in his lifetime wrote such masterpieces as Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), Animal farm (1945) and Road to Wigan Pier (1937). As well as being a novelist, Orwell also wrote essays and columns for newspapers. The reason why I chose to discuss the three books above are these are the three books that I will concentrate on during this dissertation. The three books have two very similar themes class and politics. Whether it be poverty of the proles in Nineteen Eighty -Four (1949) or the poverty of the miners in Road to Wigan Pier (1937). Orwell uses poverty as a way to portray class difference which you will see in the bulk of this work. Through Orwells work there is a running theme a theme of politics a biased view of Orwells. Orwell was a man who believed in socialism and that is what I believe made him do some of the things that he did. For example, living as a tramp in Down and Out in Paris and London (1933) could be seen as Orwell trying to get to socialist roots the working class.Before I start to concentrate on Orwell the author and start to read into his writing I am going to discuss Orwell's history to give an insight into his view on politics and class status.HistoryThe British author Eric Blair, pen name of George Orwell, achieved prominence in the late 1940s. He wrote documentaries, essays, and criticism during the 1930s and later established himself as one of the most important and influential voices of the century. I have got the information for this section from a combination of George Orwell: a life Crick, 1980 and Davidson, 1996.Eric Arthur Blair (later George Orwell) was born in 1903 in the Indian village of Motihari, which lies near the border of Nepal. At that time India was a part of the British Empire, and Blair's father, Richard, held a post as an agent in the Opium Department of the Indian Civil Service. Blair's paternal grandfather, too, had been part of the British Raj and had served in the Indian Army. The Blairs led a relatively privileged and fairly pleasant life, helping to administer the Empire though they where not very wealthy. Orwell later described them ironically as "lower-upper-middle class". This description using class as a tool to give an impression of what sort of family he came from shows the importance that Orwell put upon class even though he did put it ironically. Orwell's family owned no property, had no extensive investments, they were like many middle-class English families of that time, totally dependent on the British Empire for their livelihood and prospects. In 1907, when Eric was about eight years old, the family returned to England and lived at Henley. With some difficulty, Blair's parents sent...

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