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George Orwell's 1984: Methods Of Suppression In 1984. A Study Of Ways People Were Oppressed In The Book.

1525 words - 6 pages

Methods of Suppression in 1984George Orwell's anti-utopian novel 1984 paints a picture of a society in which the individual has no freedom, hope, or feeling. Three super states called Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia, divide and ravage the earth with perpetual war between them. The story takes place in Oceania, which consists of the Americas as well as Great Brittan. Nineteen-eighty Four chronicles Winston Smith's struggle to fight against the forever-reining, oppressive social system called the Party. Throughout 1984 several central themes through which the Party controls its members unfold - the first theme is dehumanization, the second theme is encroachment of privacy, and third theme is subtle erosions of freedom.Dehumanization, which clearly presides as the foremost theme in Orwell's novel, occurs as the first theme. The ways in which the Party dehumanizes the people are the perversion of sex, the destruction of the family, and the deletion of human emotions. Big Brother despises sex. The Inner Party and Big Brother fear sex because sex causes extreme emotion. To destroy sex is to destroy emotions harmful to their rule. To complete this objective the Party conditions the women to hate sex: they completely pervert the natural emotion of sensual desire to something disgusting in nature. Orwell wrote, "The Party was trying to kill the sex instinct, or if it could not be killed, then to distort it and dirty it" (66). Starting when the girls are adolescents, they place them in classes such as the Junior Anti-Sex League and bombard them with lectures about the horrible implications of sex. The girls learn that sex is their duty to the party to produce children. Winston's wife Katharine or "the human soundtrack" as Winston nicknames her, completely falls for all Party dogma (Orwell 66). She shudders at the thought of sexual relations, swallows all of Party's propaganda, and has her only loyalty lying blindly in the hands of Big Brother. Julia, Winston's adulteress, views oppose Katharine's views in all ways possible. She desires sex as a form of rebellion and doesn't take anything the Party says for truth. Winston describes her as "a rebel from the waist downwards" due to her apathy concerning Party situations (Orwell 156). Secondly, the destruction of family values also causes the dehumanization of the people. By shifting loyalties from the family to Big Brother, the Party succeeds in destroying the family. Couples do not even feel love towards each other anymore. Destroying all emotional connections between family members centralizes as one of the Party's goals. In the Parsons' house lies a vision of how the Party wants the family to behave. Mr. Parsons, a Party drone, mutters down with Big Brother in his sleep and his daughter betrays him to the thought-police. While being hauled off, he actually says that he feels proud of her for denouncing him. Denis Duclos wrote in his article "Dehumanization or the Disappearance of Pluralism?" that one of two...

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