George Orwell's Critism Of Ghandi In His Writings Titled "Reflections On Gandhi".

1380 words - 6 pages

"Close friendships, Gandhi says, are dangerous, because "friends react on one another" and through loyalty to a friend one can be led into wrong-doing. This is unquestionably true. Moreover, if one is to love God, or to love humanity as a whole, one cannot give one's preference to any individual person. This again is true, and it marks the point at which the humanistic and the religious attitude cease to be reconcilable. To an ordinary human being, love means nothing if it does not mean loving some people more than others. The autobiography leaves it uncertain whether Gandhi behaved in an inconsiderate way to his wife and children, but at any rate it makes clear that on three occasions he was willing to let his wife or a child die rather than administer the animal food prescribed by the doctor. It is true that the threatened death never actually occurred, and also that Gandhi - with, one gathers, a good deal of moral pressure in the opposite direction - always gave the patient the choice of staying alive at the price of committing a sin: still, if the decision had been solely his own, he would have forbidden the animal food, whatever the risks might be. There must, he says, be some limit to what we will do in order to remain alive, and the limit is well on this side of chicken broth. This attitude is perhaps a noble one, but, in the sense which - I think - most people would give to the word, it is inhuman. The essence of being human is that one does not seek perfection, that one is sometimes willing to commit sins for the sake of loyalty, that one does not push asceticism to the point where it makes friendly intercourse impossible, and that one is prepared in the end to be defeated and broken up by life, which is the inevitable price of fastening one's love upon other human individuals. No doubt alcohol, tobacco, and so forth, are things that a saint must avoid, but sainthood is also a thing that human beings must avoid." -- George Orwell"Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this, ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth." Even Albert Einstein, considered by many the greatest mind of the modern age, could only refer to Gandhi considerately and with great reverence. It is very difficult to criticize a man who is venerated around the world and to many considered a saint. Although in this passage taken from George Orwell's, "Reflections on Gandhi", Orwell effectively criticizes Gandhi's philosophy on life and his actions to uphold his beliefs. Through this passage Orwell attempts to enlighten the reader with another perspective on sainthood, which is humans are imperfect by nature. Orwell effectively criticizes Gandhi by his use of detail, juxtaposition, and foil.Orwell's uses detail in this passage so he can criticize it further on and convey his perception on life. "Close friendships... are dangerous because 'friends react on one another' and through loyalty to a friend one could be led into wrong doing." With this...

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