George Orwells Satirical Appro Essay

951 words - 4 pages

George Orwell once said the Animal Farm, an anti-Soviet satire, was "the first…in which I tried, with full consciousness of what I was doing, to fuse political purpose, and artistic purpose into one whole." Animal Farm has masked as a manual's guide for many governments around the world. Orwell wrote Animal Farm as an attempt to make people notice the cruelty of Stalin's way of governing, Russia's new government and his opinions of revolutions.The goal of Animal Farm was to get people to open their eyes to Stalin's way of governing Russia. But some people's eyes remained closed even after the book was published. George Soule did not open his mind to Animal Farm. He once said, "…the failure of this book…arises from the fact that the satire deals not with something the author has experienced, but rather with stereotyped ideas about a country." Orwell's use of "satire in the form of a 'fairy story'…to get his point across shows his indignation for hard-core ideological doctrines whose purposes are to lead to the eventful destruction of a society" (Unger).The characters in Animal Farm are compared to the individuals and groups engaged in the Russian Revolution."But the seeds for Animal Farm are present in earlier works, not only in the metaphors likening men to beast but more important, in Orwell's whole attitude towards society, which he sees as an aggregation of certain classes or types" (Greenblatt 188).The animal story begins with the Manor Farm's master, a human being, named Mr. Jones. He is compared to Czar Nicholas II because both men, fictional and non-fictional, are irresponsible and cruel to their animals or people. The character that stirs up the idea of rebellion is Old Major, Mr. Jones's prize-winning boar. Old Major is compared to Karl Marx because he invented communism and Old Major invented Animalism; both of them died before the revolutions they sparked began. Snowball's comparison to Trotsky is apparent because they were both advent leaders of Old Major and Karl Marx; they both wanted to improve life for all in Animal Farm or Russia, and they were both driven out by Napoleon's dogs or Lenin's KGB. Napoleon is obviously likened to Joseph Stalin. They both chose to not follow Old Major or Marx's ideas. They were cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt, power-hungry and killed all that opposed them. The dogs are compared to the KGB or Secret Police. Both were a private army that used fear to force support for Napoleon and Stalin and worked to kill or harm any of Napoleon or Stalin's opponents. Animal Farm is the "clever satire on the betrayal of the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin" (Greenblatt 189). Orwell attacks Stalin and...

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