German Expressionism, despite being short lived (approximately 1910 – 1930) is considered one of the most influential film movements which established Hollywood as the centre of the film industry. One of Hollywood’s most successful directors Tim Burton and British director Terry Gilliam are probably the two film makers who are the most influenced by the movement.
The origins of German Expressionism come from artists such as Edvard Munch and Franz Marc who began the expressionism movement as a response to impressionism (a movement where artists captured moments of the world, much like a photograph with an emphasis on the use of light and movement). Even though this movement originated from ...view middle of the document...
The result of which
created a harsh contrast between light and darkness in their films as
shown in the image to the right .
This visual practice is still used in modern cinema today, significantly in the works of Tim Burton whose earlier work such as Edward Scissorhands (1990) and Batman (1989), significantly utilizes the contrast between light and shadow. To the right we have a shot from Batman, as we can see there is a clear contrast between light and
shadow in this film. The bat signal stands out in the dark sky of Gotham, but also Batman’s
silhouette also Concerning Edward Scissorhands
the similarities with The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
can be found in the character’s themselves,
particularly Edward who shares some
resemblance to the character Cesare. The
character’s movement’s, mannerisms as well as
their appearance both resemble one another, a
clear indication of how German Expressionism
has influenced Burton as a Director. Another film which can be seen as heavily influencing
Burton’s work is Metropolis (1927).Burton’s Gotham City in Batman and Batman Returns
is reminiscent of the vast city scape in Fritz Lang science-fiction. The two cities presenting a
gothic twist to the...