German Unification Essay

1066 words - 4 pages

Luisa Orduz SantacruzAugust 23rd, 20131002Aim for a unified GermanyOtto von Bismarck was the Chancellor of the German Empire by the end of the 19th century. Under the rule of Kaiser Wilhelm I, he came up with diverse ruling strategies and policies to unify Germany and make it rise as the most powerful kingdom in Europe. To accomplish his main goal, one of Bismarck's strategies was persecution of minorities in German territory. Besides that, to guarantee one single way of thought spreading throughout the Kingdom, he used specific educational methods in every school to assure the same ideology for all his subjects.Persecution of Jews has been implemented since the death of Jesus, the Catholic messiah, leaving them to be wealthy nomads that live from gold extraction. This was a great excuse for Bismarck's persecution of Jews to reach a uniform Germany; uniform meaning only one way of thought, beliefs, language, race, and culture. Poles and Danes were also discriminated and persecuted because of the loss of territory of the main German state, Prussia, which led to the formation of different countries. Moreover, extreme nationalism of the German society caused them to have disagreements and a lack of trust for the Polish and Danes. Every belonging of these groups were confiscated and destroyed by the government to prevent them from getting to the German elite through economic affairs.Along with the Jewish, Polish, and Danish peoples in Germany, the Catholic Church made itself present in the kingdom, making it harder for Bismarck to control the spread on the predominant German religion, Protestantism. Furthermore, being Catholic doesn't only mean one support the religion's ideals, but it also means that following the Roman Catholic Church implies agreeing with the Roman government, huge enemies of the German Kingdom. Protestants, who were very conservative, made up two thirds of the German people, so minorities like Jews and Catholics were chased down to force them follow the state's rules and ideals. Catholics were deprived of political rights, and the Keiser banned their rituals, such as mass. The persecution of Catholics led to Kulturkampf, the political struggle of the Liberals and Catholics for their rights. Nevertheless, the events didn't go according to Bismarck's plans, Kulturkampf and persecution just made the Catholic community to grow stronger and tighter. During the persecution of non-Protestants, Bismarck expelled Jesuits from the kingdom and some reforms in the German laws book were made in 1871. These new laws also stated that the government now, just like everything else in the Kingdom, controlled education; but, due to the fact that the Kaiser controlled every single aspect of it, just Wilhelm I took care of setting the standards for education.Supplementary to the persecution of foreigners and different religions, Socialists were a strong group that challenged Bismarck's unity plan. Socialism was born from the emergence of a large...

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