This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Germantown Essay

944 words - 4 pages

The Battle of Germantown
After the American defeat at Brandywine, George Washington was determined to win a battle. Major General William Howe had set up camp at Germantown, Pennsylvania, with Major General Lord Cornwallis not far behind in Philadelphia. Washington and his staff created a rather skillful and thorough plan that was challenging to carry out with an untrained army. The plan was this: to surround the British camp in a double envelopment, which is a military tactic, where the flanks of the opposing army are attacked simultaneously in a pinching motion. After the opposing army has moved forward, two more units move in to stop any attempts of reinforcements reaching the targeted unit. Unfortunately, this battle was doomed from the start. There was an extreme blanket of fog on the morning of October 4th, 1777, and gun smoke in the air did not make it any easier. The battle of Germantown was one that was ill-fated from the beginning and continued to be so until the end (Purcell 1) (Lancaster 1).
William Howe rejected General John Burgoyne’s offer to join forces with him in upstate New York, because his focus was on taking Philadelphia. Howe prevailed at the Battle of Brandywine, which led him to successfully take Philadelphia afterward. Due to this, it appeared that Howe was in control due to his constant wins. His main forces which contained around nine thousand men went into camp at Germantown, and Lord Cornwallis had three thousand more troops camping in Philadelphia (Axelrod 1) (Purcell 1).
Washington was not going to accept reprehensible defeat, so he had decided on a counterattack where Charles Cornwallis was residing with his troops – in Germantown. Though the American army had lost at Brandywine, it soon after gained strength from considerable amounts of Maryland and New Jersey militia. Washington and his staff had constructed an intricate plan, which was often hard to execute successfully with the poorly trained “regulars” (Axelrod 1) (Purcell 1).
The American plan seemed simple: divide the army into four divisions, and attack the British camp at Germantown with a double envelopment. As stated, a double envelopment is a military tactic where the flanks of the opposing army are attacked simultaneously in a pinching motion. Major General Nathanael Greene was to attack the British right flank. Major General John Sullivan was to attack British left flank, which was rumored to be weaker. Two smaller divisions, which were composed entirely of militia, were to move in wide flanking movements around each side of the British lines. Every unit was to march through the night, over rough terrain were expected to arrive at 2 A.M. – even though there was no form of communication whatsoever – and to attack at 4 A.M (Purcell 1).
Even with all of their planning, the Americans were doomed from the start. General...

Find Another Essay On Germantown

Biography of James Monroe Essay

631 words - 3 pages Williamsburg, Virginia. During his time in college there, the Revolutionary War was beginning to spark up, and Monroe proved himself to be an early patriot. He served as a Continental Army Officer leading Infantry under General George Washington in New York shortly after joining. He fought and distinguished himself in many battles, including the battle of Trenton, Mommouth, Brandywine, and Germantown, however he was severely wounded by a musketball

Types of Business Ownership Structures Essay

611 words - 3 pages investment, holding personal assets free from risk. (Shah, 2011) This type of legal business allows for more financial resources, along with a greater pool of knowledge. Profits and liability of the business are divided amongst the partners. Memphis Inspections Service, LLC ( is a home inspection company located in Germantown, Tennessee that provides residential and commercial inspections. All partners in this company

George Washington

530 words - 2 pages Germantown. After holding his bedraggled and dispirited army together during the difficult winter at Valley Forge, Washington learned that France had recognized American independence. In 1780 the war shifted to the south. Washington was still responsible for the overall direction of the war. After the arrival of the French army in 1780 he concentrated on coordinating allied efforts and in 1781 launched, in cooperation with the comte de Rochambeau

Revolutionary War

574 words - 2 pages at Philadelphia. Troops left New York and sailed down to Chesapeake Bay and landed near August. Washington's troops tried to hold off the British at Brandywine Creek but did not succeed. Americans lost this battle.Germantown- August 1777: General Howe stayed in Philadelphia's homes with grateful Loyalists. Later a strike against the British in Germantown was also a result in an American defeat.Saratoga- October 17, 1777: American troops surrounded


1271 words - 5 pages in 1719 under the leadership of Peter Becker. Most Brethren left Europe by 1740, including Mack, who brought a group in 1729. The first congregation in the New World was organized at Germantown, Pa., in 1723. Soon after this formation, the Germantown congregation sent missionaries to rural areas around Philadelphia. These missionaries preached, baptized, and started new congregations. Their zeal, honesty, and hard work drew many new members

Biography of John Marshall

1620 words - 6 pages colonel and the commander of Yorktown. John Marshall joined the Culpeper Minute Men and was chosen Lieutenant. Both he and his father were at a number of the battles well known even today such as Great Bridge (also called "the little Bunker Hill" because of the tremendous loss of British lives and no loss for the Americans), Brandywine Germantown (the last two serious defeats for the Americans), Monmouth, and ending, for John with a dashing episode

Cold Hard Cash

1487 words - 6 pages to leave. Not too long after, he walked away (Polk, SR.1). John Hanc, writer for The New York Times, talks about how drivers would bring 14,000 pounds of produce such as juice, chicken, and other food goods to communities lacking access to supermarkets. People usually think of these towns as being isolated, rural areas but they aren’t always. Germantown is one town mention in Hanc’s writing. This town is mentions because the closes super market is

Louisa May Alcott

777 words - 3 pages interesting facts about the famous Louisa May Alcott.Louisa May Alcott, 1832 - 1888, was born the second of four daughters in Germantown, Pennsylvania into a loving and caring family. Her father was Amos Bronson Alcott. He was a writer and lecturer on educational ideas. His progressive thoughts about education for young children had a great impact on Louisa. (writers for young adults) Her mother was Abigail May Alcott. She was descended from the witch

Louisa May Alcott

1017 words - 5 pages , she showed her audacity to be support herself and her family. Louisa May Alcott was born on November 29, 1832, in Germantown, Pennsylvania. She was born to Abigail Alcott and Bronson Alcott. Louisa is the second of four sisters. She was raised in Boston and Concord, Massachusetts (Eds. of Merriam- Webster 12). Bronson Alcott worked at a school for the first five years of Louisa’s life (Herzberg 13). Once a mob encircled the school, Bronson quit

Analysis of Mark Drolsbough´s Deaf Again

956 words - 4 pages Friends School (PMFS), a private school outside of Philadelphia. Here he was given quality education, while also being assisted and understood for being hard of hearing. When Mark went to high school, he attended Germantown Friends School. Mark compares this school to a “Harvard High School” and also mentions that a considerable amount of these students continue onwards to Ivy League colleges (pg. 38). It was here that his struggles became

Louisa May Alcott: Daughter, Author, and Transcendentalist

1001 words - 4 pages While Louisa May Alcott is most often identified as an author, she also was a dedicated daughter and sister, a Transcendentalist, and an inspiration. Part of the reason that Louisa May Alcott stands out is because of her interesting family, career, and medical history. Born on November 29, 1832 to Bronson Alcott and Abigail May in Germantown, Pennsylvania, Louisa May Alcott was brought up in an unconventional home. For most of her life

Similar Essays

Theories That May Explain Crime In Germantown Avenue Communities In Philadelphia

2268 words - 9 pages Elijah Anderson, a modern day sociologist, takes us on a walk down Germantown Avenue. Germantown Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the City of Philadelphia, which connects to inner city Philadelphia to some of the surrounding high-wealth suburbs. Philadelphia has a rich and long history, not all of which is good. Many people when speaking of Philadelphia comment on their diverse neighborhoods, much like little towns. Unfortunately, while some of

Racism And Prejudice Fear And White Flight

1277 words - 5 pages far removed in my origins in Europe. My father's mother, Marie Devlin, grew up in Kensington, an Irish neighborhood inside the city of Philadelphia. There she married Anthony McIlvaine, himself descended from Irish immigrants who moved to Northe rn Philadelphia, and there they had their son, Robert who later became my father. Before my father was ten, he had already moved three times. First, his family left Kensington for Germantown -- after

Loss Of Heritage Essay

898 words - 4 pages immigrants came to seek relief from famine and poverty that was abundant in Germany. These first families founded a small community, which they called Germantown. Over the next few decades many thousands of Germans came to live in Germantown and the surrounding areas. “During the flood of emigrants from Germany, its rulers tried to stop the flow, but to little effect. In fact, the flow increased, and in 1709 about 15,000 Germans left for Britain, and

The Great Chief Justice: John Marshall

635 words - 3 pages Also known as the Babe Ruth of the Supreme Court, John Marshall will now and forever have a lasting legacy. Born on September 24, 1755 in Germantown, Virginia, Marshall was the first of fifteen children. As member of the 3d Virginia Regiment, he participated in the Revolutionary War. Following his military service in 1780, he attended the College of William and Mary where George Wythe conducted lectures. He continued the private study of law