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Germany Bears The Vast Bulk Of The Blame For The Outbreak Of Ww1.

1151 words - 5 pages

Historians are debating over the origins of WWI and how much of it to blame on Germany. Historians such as Fischer lay all the blame on Germany. Fischer is criticized and is contrasted by the views of Remak, who criticizes Fischer from a European viewpoint, and the views of Ritter whom critics Fischer of misinterpreting and making incorrect conclusions about German responsibility for the war. The views of Schroeder also contrast with Fischer's thesis. Meanwhile, Taylor believed none of the major powers wanted to go to war and deterrents that failed to deter brought war along. Joll lists what he sees as important factors leading to war, in which all countries were subject to, and the internal environment of the country contributing to its' foreign policy. Fay lays blame divided on all European countries, either though inaction or action they contributed to the outbreak of WW1.Fritz Fischer was responsible for creating debate on his questioning of German war guilt in the 1960's. He argued that Germany and Germany alone was responsible for the Great War, as they continued expansionist aims to WW2 and pursued policies to gain world domination, which together increased tensions. It was his view that any localized war in Europe presented the risk of a general war. Fischer says that Germany, confident in her military superiority, took the risk with Russia and France and therefore can be held responsible. He also created havoc among historians when he said Germany actually desired war.Sidney Bradshaw Fay states that none of the Powers wanted European war, but it broke out on huge scales anyway. He seems not to blame the outbreak of war on a single country, yet lays responsibility on all the European countries, either by action or inaction. He strongly insists that Germany and her allies are not solely to blame. He sees the responsibility of war a divided one, where part falls on the country's military and political leaders. He considers it unlikely that after the tension in Europe since the Franco Prussian war, where many alliances and increasing armaments and economic rivalry started off from, that war would have broken out without the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand. This event consolidate d the hostility and a rapid succession of events soon led to World War One, which can be partly blames on Serbian nationalism. Sidney Bradshaw Fay thinks that there is to much blame on German shoulders, and the reason behind these 'unsound' claims should be revised.Gerhard Ritter was one of Fischer's major critics. He considers that the German government actually considered war as necessary and the July crisis was a favorable opportunity to push Russia out of the Balkans. He criticizes Fischer where he viewed German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg as desperately wanting world power, but Ritter sees Hollweg as just a victim of the circumstances. He disputes Fischer's argument that Germany considered war as necessary.Taylor sees the outbreak of war occurring due to...

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