Germany Caused World War I Essay

1534 words - 6 pages

World War I was a war between the allies, which included Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain, against the central powers of Europe, which were made of Germany and Austria. When war broke out between Austria and Serbia in 1914, the alliance system drew the other European countries into the war and eventually, the rest of the world was brought into the conflict .In the early twentieth century, Germany was witnessing a prospering economy and feeling an increased sense of national pride. With the growing economy, Germany started to make progress in the Arms Race and in the development of their navy. Under the control of William II, Germany made a series of unlawful decisions that added to the animosity between Europe’s superpowers. With the introduction of weltpolitik, Germany ruined its relationships with other countries, such as Britain, France and Russia. With increased nationalism, Germany started to feel more powerful therefore they began to conquer more land in continents such as Africa. Consequently, this created conflict between powers that already had land in the colonies. This is why German imperialism, nationalism, progress in the Arms Race and increasing naval strength greatly led to the outbreak of World War I.
During the years between 1900 and 1914, many European powers were in the process of strengthening their military. Each country wanted to have a military that would be stronger compared to those of other countries. By 1914, Germany had increased their military by 73% in relation to 1910 levels, in terms of guns, equipment and navy ships. Germany expanded their navy by building ships, such as the Dreadnoughts and Battle Cruisers. Germany had developed a Naval Law in 1900 that stated that their navy would double in the coming years, surpassing the naval superpowers like Great Britain (Rickard). Moreover Germany was recruiting more soldiers into their army every year leading up to the Great War. For example, an estimated 170,000 German infantry was recruited into the military in just the last year before the war (HW Poon).The French saw the growing German land army as a serious competitor and threat to their own land army, which at that time was recognized for having one of the largest land armies in the world. As stated by Suzanne Karpilovsky, “The standing armies of France and Germany doubled in size between 1870 and 1914.” (Karpilovsky, Fogel and Kobelt). Germany’s rapidly growing military expenditure made other European countries feel insecure about their safety. Countries such as Great Britain saw Germany as a threat to their own military and navy. Furthermore, Great Britain’s “Balance of Power” policy was being disrupted because Germany’s military strength was making them more powerful than other European countries. This lead to increased feelings of tension between Germany and other European powers; as Henry Kissinger stated, “Germany became the strongest and as such proved disquieting to its neighbors.” (Kissinger...

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