This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Germany’s Involvement In The Spanish Civil War

1215 words - 5 pages

Drew Ehlers
Melinda Gale
IB 20th Century History
Germany’s involvement in the Spanish Civil War
Analyze how the Spanish Civil War aided Germany in developing its international relations and enhancing its war strategies during WWII?
The Spanish Civil War was caused by the political unrest of the 19th Century and the opposing political ideologies of the Communists and Nationalists. In 1936, this political unrest reached its breaking point, when many of Spain’s military commanders staged a coup to overthrow the left-wing government. Francisco Franco, leader of Spain’s right-wing Nationalist rebels, called out to foreign powers for assistance in fighting the war that ensued. International help was crucial to keeping Franco’s resistance effort alive. After pleas for help by the Nationalist underdogs, Germany came to the aid of the Spanish war effort in July of 1936. Both Hitler and Franco were fascist leaders. Their shared ideologies led to Hitler’s support of Franco. Like George Orwell said, “For some reason, all the best matadors were Fascists” (Homage to Catalonia). The Spanish Civil War was a trial of sorts for many German weapons, as well as its military strategies. By aiding Spanish Nationalists, the Germans not only developed advantageous international relations with Spain, but came out more prepared to fight in WWII.
Hitler wanted to hinder the spread of communism in the European theater, yet he was hesitant to come to Franco’s aid. It was Hermann Goring, his commander in chief of the Luftwaffe, Germany’s Air Force, that helped Hitler see the military and political benefits of such an action. Goring wanted to “test the Luftwaffe in live conditions” (243, Pearson Text). Hitler and Goring used the Spanish Civil War as a trial run to test out their newest military technology. German planes and airmen got to experience the battlefield without actually having to go to war with another country. This was a valuable experience for Hitler, because it allowed the German forces to work out any kinks in their military strategy prior to WWII.
The Spanish Civil War allowed Germany to test new military technology and strategies, allowing the Germans a head start in preparing for WWII. By testing new technology in a non battlefield situation, it allowed the Germans a less risky opportunity to experiment with their weapons and strategies. The Germans use of the Luftwaffe in the Spanish Civil War allowed the German air force to hone its precision bombing strategies, for example. Precision bombing played a huge role in WWII so the fact that the Germans were able to practice and develop pilots and airmen capable of pulling off such feats gave the Germans a head start when entering into WWII. They were also able to test what bombing on civilians was like and get a feel for if it was effective. According an article on the bombing of the Spanish town of Guernica, prepared by the Center for Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno on the 70th...

Find Another Essay On Germany’s involvement in the Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 Essay

1565 words - 6 pages The Spanish Civil War (July 18th 1936-April 1st 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. It was the result of the complex political, economic and cultural divisions between Spanish coalitions within

The Spanish Civil War of 1936

1157 words - 5 pages The Spanish Civil War of 1936The Spanish revolution of 1936 initiated during the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Civil War was a major contest in Spain that started from a failed coup d’etat by a part of the army against the legitimate government of the Second Spanish Republic.Spain had encountered several civil wars and revolts in the previous century, caused by the reformists and the conservatives who attempted to displace

The Foreshadowing of the Spanish Civil War: The Years before the Spanish Civil War

3419 words - 14 pages There was great foreshadowing up to 5 years before the Spanish Civil War that it was coming. Ever since the country had been given public elections, there was constant battle between the Right wing and the Left. The Spanish government knew there was no other way to deal with the political and social turmoil in the country. Some of the warnings were the unrest in the individual parties, the military unrest, strikes and sit-ins by the wealthy land

Social, Economic and Political Factors Involved in the Spanish Civil War

981 words - 4 pages Social, Economic and Political Factors Involved in the Spanish Civil War With reference to any civil war in the 20th century examine the social, economic and political background to the divisions in the society involved. To what extent were the problems which caused the war resolved in the post-war period? The state of Spain during the early years of the 20th century can be said to have been a state of great "unease

The impact of the Spanish Civil War on George Orwell

2261 words - 9 pages experience in Spain Orwell also conceived quite a thought provoking argument when discussing the Comintern's involvement in Spanish civil affairs. Although the Comintern has already been mentioned, this issue requires further explanation in light of Orwell's reflections on the war and theorising on how the different political bodies actually behaved during the war. Orwell argues that by having such a heavy-handed role in influencing leftist war policies

What were the chief causes of the Spanish Civil War?

1497 words - 6 pages When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody, violent civil war raged within its boundaries. Stretching from the northern part of Africa to the Pyrenees Mountains, the fighting led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Spaniards, who had simply fought to protect an ideal, democracy. In this essay I shall be looking at the events that slowly led up to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War and try to

Account For Spanish Civil War

2192 words - 9 pages There were several reasons that account for the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. From the political climate following world war one to the agrarian problem in the south. Since early modern times, Spain had a weak manufacturing base and its agriculture did not have great productivity. These problems were highlighted in the nineteenth century when there was an industrial revolution in areas such as Catalonia and the Basque Country. These areas


3997 words - 16 pages Madrid to fall at any moment to the Nationalists, the Republican Government moved to Valencia. A Defence Junta, under the leadership of General Jose Miaja, was established to organise the last-ditch defence of Madrid.8th - 23rd November 1936THE BATTLE FOR MADRIDThe Nationalists were now poised to make an all-out attack on Madrid in the hope of capturing the Spanish capital and thus ending the war. The forces at their disposal were led by General

Essay: Was the Spanish civil war a preamble to WWII?

1138 words - 5 pages The Spanish Civil War was fought in 1936. It was a war that divided the country and unified its citizens to fight for their ideals and beliefs. There were two sides in the war, the Republicans and the Nationalists. The Nationalists were led by General Franco and were known as the rights, and the Republicans were led by Azana and were known as the lefts. The Spanish Civil War took place right before World War II and was fought for the similar

The US Involvement in The Vietnam War

1117 words - 4 pages The Vietnam War was one of the worst wars in the United States history. The reason for the United States involvement was due to the start of communism in North Vietnam. The citizens in South Vietnam feared the control of North Vietnam and were worried that the north would take control of the south. The communist North Vietnam had support from the Soviet Union and China, making the South Vietnamese vulnerable to the north. In their time of

U.S. Involvement in the Kosovo War

1191 words - 5 pages U.S. Involvement in the Kosovo War U.S. Involvement in Kosovo War has been waged in the Balkans for thousands of years. Yugoslavia has been divided, reunited, divided again, undergone wars and been through depressions. Each country within the Yugoslavia region has experienced hardships due to a failing economy, poor leadership, and civil wars. In the past few years, a major upheaval in the political structure and the disputes concerning

Similar Essays

The Spanish Civil War Essay

2324 words - 10 pages The Spanish Civil War occurred in Spain, during the years of 1936-1939 primarily. This Civil War was a result of a military revolt against the government, which was Republican, controlling Spain at the time. This military revolt was lead by a military coup, which tried to take control of the entire country of Spain, failing, beginning the Civil War. Just as in any other Civil War, there were two sides fighting against one another, the

Women In The Spanish Civil War

1041 words - 4 pages Z3422283 - Kerry TangZHSS3219 - Special Studies (History) II (Spanish Civil War)Primary Source AnalysisFyrth, Jim and Alexander, Sally, Women's Voices from the Spanish Civil War, Lawrence and Wishart, 2008. Word count (1047)When the Spanish Civil War broke out, within the first months, women were recruited into the Popular Front militias, and face uncertain circumstances. The position of women in Spain was a flashpoint of political conflict

Great Britain?S Involvement In The Civil War

1198 words - 5 pages The purpose of this paper is to prove that although England never officially intervened in the American Civil War, they were ultimately supporters of the Confederacy throughout the course of the war. The role of Great Britain in the American Civil War is often overlooked. Although, during the early 1860?s, both the North and the South pinned their hopes for the outcome of the struggle on either British intervention or non-intervention. Before

France And The Spanish Civil War

2685 words - 11 pages During the Spanish Civil War, France decided on a policy of Non-Intervention in order to promote economic and political stability. Firstly, the Non-Intervention policy kept France from having a financial stake in the war, which they would have should they have supported one side over the other, and was in fact financially beneficial as it allowed France to trade with both sides of the Spanish Civil War without difficulties. In addition, since