This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Germany's Quest For Unification. Essay

2275 words - 9 pages

The German people were ecstatic about the founding of the German Reich in 1871, after having been fragmented and controlled by neighbouring powers for the previous 600 years since the time of Frederic Barbarossa . The euphoria and sentiments were not shared by many of the German Reich's neighbours due to various reasons. It is clear that Germany's future neighbours were profoundly adamant that Germany remain divided. They did not want the more than 30 fragmented pieces to unite under one German government because of their own political and territorial interests. To understand this, it is necessary to review the reasons for past disunity of the various German states, then explain the advantages that a disunited Germany presented to its neighbours, and to recognise the five key countries and their respective interests in having control over the affairs of parts of Germany.Since the time of the Barbarian Invasions of the 4th and 5th centuries , Germanic tribes were often in a state of war and neighbourly aggression . It was not until the reign of Charles the Great that vast German territory was united and that tribal rivalry was put to an end. After his death, however, the empire of Charles the Great was divided among his three sons forming the portions that gave rise to the Frank Empire in the west, established the domains out of which grew the Burgundian and future Italian states, and formed the lands that were the predecessor of a German Empire in the northern and eastern parts of the disintegrating Carolingian Empire .The third part of Charles the Great's Empire gained unity in a German Nation called "The Holy Roman Empire of German Nations" more than 150 years later under the reign of Otto I. Once again, this empire did provide lasting unity, as the central power of the emperor was eroded by the rise of the individual local houses of nobility (the "nations" within the Holy Roman Empire). The rise of papal power meddling into the political affairs of the individual German nations was another strong influence eroding the empire's power. This German disunity was further fuelled by religious rivalry during and after the Reformation that culminating in the devastating 30-Year War. That war left most of the German lands burned and almost half of the population killed, maimed, and displaced.While the Holy Roman Empire existed "nominally" for more than 800 years, the German Empire was merely a collection of over 200 fragmented, often hostile, and distrusting states that were ripe for the picking by neighbouring powers that could so easily advance their political and empirical ambitions. Another reason for continual German disunity was the practice by the stronger military nations bordering Germany to use it as a buffer zone and place of recruitment for their armies.The Holy Roman Empire of German Nations as well as the German's own disunity was of advantage to their neighbours. This disunity allowed other nations, which bordered with it, to maintain...

Find Another Essay On Germany's Quest for Unification.

The Scramble for Africa Essay

1348 words - 5 pages imperial states. Various factors allowed for and contributed to the conquering of the whole of Africa by European states. The slow, but ever-growing European presence on the perimeter and the completion for dominance between the major European states acted as the platform for the inevitable quest for the middle. The obstacles brought on by indigenous resistance were no match for the European military might and technological superiority. The idea

Discuss the major steps taken by Hitler from 1933 to 1939 that ultimately led to war. Could Hitler have been prevented from plunging Europe into war? When and how?

646 words - 3 pages Hitler began his quest for Lebensraum, or living space. These steps are what ultimately led to World War 2. He announced Germany's rearmament in 1935, contradicting a main clause in the Treaty of Versailles. Unopposed by other European powers, Germany re-occupied the buffer next to France called the Rhineland, which had been established in the Treaty of Versailles. Still unchallenged, Germany annexed Austria in 1938, and then attacked

Causes And Consequences Of WWII 1935-1945

1280 words - 5 pages Darren Le.Thu, 20th March 2014.Causes And Consequences Of WWII 1935-1945A, Why was Germany so successful in the European War up to the start of Operation Barbarossa?There are many reasons for Germany's early successful in the European War up to the start of Operation Barbarossa. For one good thing, their army was bigger and another one has the most modern military in the world in 1939. While most of European were still using biplane, and tank

The Effect Otto Von Bismarck's Leadership and Politics Had on Pre-World War I Tensions in Europe

2253 words - 9 pages and supported their nationalist ambitions, but only to gain advantage over Austria-Hungary. As the Prussian envoy for the Diet of the German Confederation in Frankfurt in 1851, he made the realization that Austrian cooperation was not an option and began to champion the idea of Kleindeutsche unification (Headlam 90). Bismarck was named the Minister president of Prussia in 1862 in order to deal with liberal forces and maintain the legitimacy of the

nazism and facism

3984 words - 16 pages UNIFICATION of GERMANY and ITALY I. UNIFICATION OF GERMANY & ITALY A. General Remarks 1. both unification movements of German & Italy have similar characteristics 2. both Germany & Italy geographical expressions for many centuries a. & as 19th c unification approaches b. although both had been united under an empireship centuries earlier 3. Austria was common obstacle to both a. since Congress of Vienna dominated central


581 words - 2 pages Bismarck's Germany Every country has its creators. In Germany, Otto Von Bismarck isone of them. After being a major a player in German unification, Bismarckeagerly joined into Germany's politics becoming chancellor. The setting upof the German government, suppression of the Catholic Church's influenceon Germany, and the denouncing of socialism, are events that Bismarck washeavily involved in during his time as being chancellor. Bismarck

Unification of Germany

1186 words - 5 pages Congress of Vienna. Through the machinations of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and his determination to unite the German lands through “blood and iron”, Germany quickly rose to become the epicenter of European politics and forever changed the geopolitical landscape of Europe. In examining the unification of Germany and its implications for the international system, this paper will explore the prehistory of the unification, significant diplomatic

The Role of Nationalism in German Unification: Three Post-Holed examples

2251 words - 9 pages during these unification attempts destabilized Germany and created conflict. During the First Reich, or Holy Roman Empire, the people came together for defensive and political reasons, but there was no sustained nationalism. It was for this reason that there were border conflicts, ruling families kept changing, and there was religious conflict (The Story of Civilization IV). However, in the Second Reich, Otto von Bismarck created the first German

Objections to and advantages o

2904 words - 12 pages 1. Practical Objections to admission Eastern European countries 2. The Visegrad Four (Cz, Svk, H, Pl) 3. Russia's discontent to admission Eastern European countries 4. The Partnership for Peace, the NACC and the CSCE 5. Germany's post-unification foreign policy

Describe the process of Italian unification in the 19th century

1899 words - 8 pages walked in and claimed the land for Italy.The German and Italian wars of unification were both spurred on by the rising tides of Nationalism and Liberalism. The German cause was supported more by those on the top of the social pyramid, then those on the bottom. Germany's Junkers were the main supporters Bismarck, who led Prussia to unification. The unification of Italy owes itself to the common folk much more then the German cause. The popular


10164 words - 41 pages accurate nation-state had a major catalyst. When the Czechs, Slovaks, and Germans were allowed to return to their history they did so in a world that placed a massive personal value on the state since the state was now critical for business transactions (Wolf p. 188-190).         The German people have a strong history of nationalism dating back to their quest for a place in the sun during the European colonial expansion and unification under

Similar Essays

Bismarck's Unification Of Germany, 1862 1871 Essay

1126 words - 5 pages obstacles to Germany's unification. Among them were foreign powers' interests in Germany:Foreign Interests in Member Territories of the German Confederation, 1815-1870Denmark The Netherlands Britain Holstein, Lauenburg (Duchies) Luxemburg (Duchy), Limburg (County) Hannover (on the British throne ruled the Hanover Dynasty)Then, there was Austria, an Empire German by tradition and character (administration), but in which Germans accounted for only

" German Nationalism Was Responsible For German Unification"

1331 words - 5 pages political arena a parallel movement to the people's yearning for unification occurred. Prussia and Austria had been the two major powers in Germany but Prussia was the only large German state. Austria was a large empire which was not only German while the other states were too small. German people came to see German unification as the national quest of Prussia. After the revolution of 1848 parliaments, which worked for political liberalism and national

Germany Unite Essay

752 words - 3 pages Describe the main steps leading to the unification of Germany in the period 1864-1871The Germany unification, during 1864-1871 was often described as a product of nationalism and liberalism. It was carried out by numerous factors under the leadership of the Minister President, Otto Von Bismarck. The Unification has led to the successful shift of power that strengthened Germany's position both of political and military.The first debate over the

The History Of Germany Since 1945

1857 words - 7 pages Germany. In turn, the scheme designed for unification was one without precedent, therefore it is difficult to compare Germany's unification plan to another country's, and hypothesize a better way it should have been carried out.Works CitedDennis, Mike. The Rise and Fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990. Longman Publishing Group. December 1990:"German Culture: Postwar Occupation and Division." Tatyana Gordeeva. 1998-2004. http