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Germany's Rise Of Political Power Essay

1260 words - 6 pages

Today, Germany is one of the strongest countries in Europe. It has one of the largest populations and has a GNP capita over $25,000, which makes it one of the richest countries in the world. But Germany hasn't always been this way. Germany has a very complex history. It was slow to become a unified country compared to a lot of other industrialized countries, and this led to a lot of her political difficulties in the 20th century.To understand the difficulties that Germany had after unifying, we must learn a little history about Germany. During the early Middle Ages, Germany had the most advanced political systems of its time. It was ruled by the Holy Roman Empire (known as the First Reich). ...view middle of the document...

The government saw this and came up with a way of developing an industrialized capitalist economy directed by the state. The government worked with traditional elites in the nobility and military to force the country to industrialize so they could keep with their European rivals. This imperial Germany was what scholars called faulted society because it kept the elites in power. It also introduced social insurance programs (to gain support from the working class), and it passed a series of antisocialist laws and repressed the growing union movement, which left a lot of people powerless and angry.Now, from here on out, is how Hitler came into power. There were economical and political factors that lead to his political status. The Treaty of Versailles that ended the war magnified frustrations in Germany. The British and French wanted a strict system of reparations that made Germany pay for the costs of the war. This was bad for Germany because they were in a terrible economical position as it was and because of this system, unemployment tripled and inflation rose. This caused a lot of antidemocratic nationalist groups to form. As time went on, the three main parties who favored the republic held three-quarters of the votes. Over the next two elections they saw their vote drop to the benefit of the communists and German National Peoples Party. Anti-treaty protest reached a max in 1923 when the National Socialist Democratic Workers Party was formed. Adolf Hitler attempted to over throw the government but failed and spent time in jail.Better news came abroad. The allies decided to cut down reparation payments and Germany's economy slowly rebounded. It fell hard however when the New York stock market crashed. Because of the lack of stability in the government and economy, the Weimar parties saw their popularity fall below 50 percent. Slowly the Communists and SPD, and Nazis grew more influential and powerful in the streets. In 1933 Hitler was invited to become chancellor of Germany, he was to form a government. Now the politicians figured that they could contain Hitler while in office, but they failed to recognize that he had controlled a majority in the Reichstag.Hitler ruled for 12 years then was stopped in World War 2 at Normandy. In 1949 Basic Law was introduced to Germany. The Christian Democratic Union's leader, Konrad Adenauer won the first election under the new republic. No one had faith in the new republic but fourteen years later under his strong leadership; he had come up with new political institutions, and modernized the new economy. The CDU along with the Free Democratic Party allies, forged links within business, industry, bureaucratic, and even union elites, creating an economic miracle in Germany. Now because...

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