With normal posture and walking, the foot was not designed to walk in a high-heeled shoe. The construction of the foot is designed to walk in a heel-to-toe rolling motion. This allows the arch of the foot to stretch between the actions of that particular movement. When the natural movement is completed, it causes the ankle to first absorb any shock reaction that would otherwise go directly to the calf; this could be omitted in the case of wearing a high-heeled shoe. While the Stiletto, the Pump, or the Pointy-toe style of heels may be current fashion trends, wearing them long term can cause pain, and serious damage to the foot.
The damaging effect of wearing High-heeled shoes for the most part, crowds ones toes, forcing the body weight to press down on the ball of the foot. The foot no longer has the heel-to-toe balance it needs to operate, causing extended pressure on the toes and less at the heel. Now, there becomes a need for the ball of the foot, the arch, and the ankle to try to accommodate the disrupted flow of normal movement, and motion. This causes the wearer to shift, and to readjust their leg muscles to realign their body weight before the change is inflicted on the knees.
“Statistics show pressure on the forefoot (ball) increases as the heel height goes up. Wearing a three-inch heel increases pressure on the forefoot by 70%, a two-inch heel by 57% and one-inch heel by 22%. One experiment showed when wearing a low-heeled shoe, the body weight is shared approximately 40% by the heel, and 60% by the ball. However, when wearing a higher heel, the body weight shifts as much as 90% to the ball of the foot, and only 10% of the weight is on the heel” (Dalton, 2011).
According to the American Osteopathic Association (“The real harm,” 2012), “Over time, wearing high heels can shorten the muscle of the calves and the back leading to pain and muscle spasms. Additionally, it contributes to shortening of the Achilles tendon, the heel is pointed in an upward position, it tightens. If this occurs, switching back to a flat shoe can be painful.
Choosing to wear high heels over a period of years can lead to long-term foot disorders.
“Pump Bump is a common bony deformity irritating the back of the heel.
It causes a significant amount of pain when one is walking. Pump Bump is more common in young women who wear pump style heels every day. The rigid back of the shoe can create pressure that aggravates the heel bone. The bony enlargement can cause Achilles Tendonitis, or Bursitis due to...