Ghost: The Relationship Between Past And The Future. A Book By Henrik Ibsen

1400 words - 6 pages

“A woman cannot be herself in the society of the present day, which is an exclusively masculine society, with laws framed by men and with judicial system that judges feminine conduct form a masculine point of view”. This is what Henrik Ibsen once said. In 1881, when Ibsen wrote one of his best works Ghost, the society was going through major change. It’s was a time were the society was questioning everything they were thought by the church. The mentality of people was being challenge and the influence the church had over the society was slowly losing its power. One of those who were questioning the method and the teacher of the church was Henrik Ibsen. In his play Ghost, Ibsen view of the methodology of the church was no longer beneficial for the society. In the play ghost, Ibsen demonstrates the consequences followed those who grasp the old practice in each character he had created. Ibsen used Mrs. Alving, to show how old attitude can strangle someone progressively, as she feel trap in a rigid society. Additionally, Ibsen explores how the past can come back in the form of “ghost” and how it haunts someone future. Osvald Alving through out the play is haunted by the sin of a father he did not know. Lastly, he show how living in patriarchal society can blind one’s own judgment as in Pastor Manders, who is looked at someone as holy and self-righteous but at the same time hypocritical. Consequently, those old tradition and belief endure someone life slowly but harshly and haunt them like ghost.

The ghost that has been haunted Mrs. Alving for a very long time is the ghost tradition and of her duty. Nonetheless, it’s seem as if her duty has shaped her character for good. “I had my little boy, and I bore it for him…”(Ibsen, 1881, p33) the fate of divorce women with a child at that certain era was looked upon with disgrace. She and Osvald life would surly suffer. Beside the fact, she also had the sense of duty as a wife and keep whatever was going in her house behind the close door. Additionally, its was her duty she own to her class system, whose their self-righteous rest on the good name they have built for generation, which brought her to endure her husband ways of living so not to bring chaos in something that her husband has built for long. “So then I had to redouble my efforts, fight with vengeance so no one would know what kink of a man my child’s father was” (Ibsen, 1881, p.32). Mrs. Alving is one of the characters that had to endure a lot; her fall out is the consequence of a society living in old tradition. Not only was she forced to be content living with a unfaithful husband but she also was forced to live in complete silence and bare the blame of a “rebellious” wife. “You rebelliously cast away the cross, left the groping soul you should have aibed…(Ibsen, 1881, p.29). The reason why she is to blame for her husband fault, is become her gender statute, her husband like many others men in those day were blameless. The wrongdoing of...

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