Giant Panda Affected By Road Construction

813 words - 4 pages

The Qinling giant pandas are a slowly diminishing species. If left unprotected they will eventually become extinct. Fan, Li, Quan, Wu, Hu, and Yang investigated the effects of road construction on endangered Qinling giant pandas. Road construction can greatly affect the environment. According to the article, the harmful effects of roadway expansion “extend to an area ten times broader than the roadway itself” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 145). It can cause harmful chemicals to contaminate water sources and food supplies. Subsequently, road construction isolates species from one another, and this in turn “blocks gene flow…, which steeply [decreases] genetic diversity” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 145). On ...view middle of the document...

The giant pandas are able to thrive in an environment with an “elevation between 1500-3100 meters, a slope of less than 30 degrees, and a large supply of bamboo” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 146). Next, table 2 displays quantitative observations that the Qinling giant pandas flourish in “environments that allow more than 720 meters between them and a national/provincial highway or common road” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 146). About 280 sites were used to make certain that the model assessments were feasible.
After careful observation, the data revealed a positive correlation between giant pandas indications and the size of their habitats. It’s exceedingly likely to see more giant pandas in a large suitable and marginally suitable environment than in an unsuitable area. Road construction caused the “suitable habitat area to decrease by 30%, the marginally suitable area decreased by 16.5%, and the unsuitable area increased by 1.2%” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 147). Then, the effects of road construction on the giant panda’s habitat were analyzed. Likewise, the results also illustrated that road construction “decreased the habitat carrying capacity by 9.6%” (Fan et al., 2011, p. 148). Figure 5 indicates areas where degraded habitats overlap with natural reserves for pandas. The red degraded areas are habitats than can no longer support the presence of giant pandas. Therefore, without a reasonable doubt it is safe to assume that “road construction has a significant effect on the habitat and...

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