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Woman Character Of The Odyssey, Medea, And Thousand And One Arabian Nights

1377 words - 6 pages

Literature is the key to our world or language. Many writers have emerged from this subject such as Homer who wrote The Odyssey and Euripidies who wrote about the evil Medea. Also mentioned in this paper are the Thousand and One Arabian Nights which is a collection of folktales and stories that are compiled into one. Each of these works of literature has a woman character that has many similarities in solving their problems. In The Odyssey the woman character that will be in comparison is Penelope which is Odysseus’s wife. In the story of Medea, Medea is of course the character we will be discussing and Shaharazad is the woman character from the Thousand and One Arabian Nights that will also be in comparison. Each of these women find themselves in a particularly “sticky situation.” However, Penelope, Medea, and Shahrazad are three strong women whose perseverance and cleverness help them to attain their goals.
Firstly, Penelope who plays Odysseus’s wife is alone tending to her city Ithica until her husband returns. Meanwhile Odysseus is out fighting in the Trojan War and against many of the Greek God’s who are trying to make his trip back home as eventful and hard as possible; “…work out his journey home so Odysseus can return” (Homer 276). While King Odysseus is away Penelope is to deal with a bunch of suitors who are eating and trashing out Ithica, “…if those suitors have truly paid in blood for all their reckless outrage” (559). In order for Penelope to keep peace until Odysseus returns she has to come up with a clever plan to keep the suitors from completely taking over. For almost 2 years Penelope was able to keep the suitors from getting out of hand by saying she will find someone to marry and replace Odysseus after she is done weaving a piece a clothing for Laertes who is on his deathbed. Cleverly she weaves the shroud and once finished, unweaves it and repeats again. Penelope was able to do this until she felt the suitors growing impatient with the absence of Odysseus. Once this plan is worn out Penelope then develops another idea to continue to delay the choosing of a new husband and king. Penelope then says “I set before you the great bow of King Odysseus Now! The hand that can string this bow with great ease, that shoots an arrow clean through all twelve axes- he is the man I follow” (522). Penelope knows it will not be easy for the suitors to string Odysseus’s bow let alone shoot it through twelve axe heads. “No easy game, I wager, to string his polished bow. Not a soul in the crowd can match Odysseus-what a man he was…”(522). Penelope’s clever thinking and ability to stay loyal to her husband allows Odysseus enough time to return to Ithica and reclaim his throne by killing all of the suitors and the ones that betrayed him while he was away on his 20 year journey.
Secondly, just like Penelope, Medea was able to use her cleverness and determination to seek revenge on her husband Jason in the writing Medea. In the story, Medea is the...

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