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Global Culture Essay

1586 words - 7 pages

A universal culture represents the aggregation of histories, traditions, symbols, connections, languages, religions, states, and destinies shared by the people of the world who possess the same national identity. The result of such globalization may push beyond national identities and move toward the ultimate formation of international identities. A global culture’s influences dramatically affect not only our outward appearance, but even more importantly, the ways in which we think and act as global citizens. Although many experts may insist on the impossibility or undesirability of this globalization, there are compelling arguments to support this internationalization of the world’s future. ...view middle of the document...

For instance, this type of globalization could greatly enhance international trade, human safety, and the environment. True international diplomacy would flourish because everyone would work together. Furthermore, a global culture could potentially avert global atomic wars, which are an inevitable possibility in the absence of global cooperation. Likewise, a global culture would ultimately benefit every person in the world and could secure universal prosperity and worldwide peace. Many of the wars that have occurred throughout history have transpired over cultural differences where, due to a specific dispute, one side attempted to destroy the other. For example, the civil war currently occurring in Syria is largely due to cultural and religious disparities. Diminution of these differences could move the world toward mutual respect and shared destiny.
Additional factors in the development of a global culture are the deteriorating power of states and emergence of a world market, circumstances described by Susan Strange in her essay The Declining Authority of States. For instance, governments are losing control over decision-making in trade and business. World-market integration and impersonal private market forces are now more powerful than states themselves. Traditionally, states have enjoyed ultimate authority over society and the economy. Now, they are losing that influence. Moreover, Strange asserts that the result of this seismic shift in control is “the diffusion of authority away from national government [that] has left a yawning hole of non-authority, ungovernance it might be called” (Strange). This international power vacuum has opened the door to a force greater than state power, which can eventually lead to a global culture.
On the other hand, in his essay The Coming Anarchy, Robert Kaplan offers arguments against the development of a global culture. He explains that worldwide issues such as environmental scarcity, with respect to resources like oil, water, gas, minerals, will create serious problems that will likely impact the future of states in ways that hinder globalization. States will need to respond in self-interested ways that will benefit their own individual countries, peoples and interests. States will not be looking to help each other because they will have to focus on the needs of their own citizens. States will act as they have in the past because they have a responsibility to protect the security of their own peoples—they will utilize their own natural resources for themselves, ultimately dividing the world. Strong states will thrive and weak states will suffer. Our world’s human populations are moving in two different directions simultaneously, thereby creating a “bifurcated world” rather than Kant’s unified society. For instance, when describing the Arab states of the world, Kaplan explains, “these states, like most African ones, will be ungovernable through conventional secular ideologies” (Kaplan). If this theory is...

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