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Global Ethical Guidelines And Drug Use

1214 words - 5 pages

The limitations produced by ethical judgments are substantially high in the advancement of knowledge in both art and natural sciences. There are various groups or organizations that have produced formal principles to limit and guide activities and research. The principles that are brought upon the human race are typically born to prevent harm because it violates ones right and is seen upon many people as an evil. But these principles have also caused the human race from reaching a conclusion in things such as cures for illnesses, advancement in technology, and discovering the future of the human race. Throughout history there have been many incidents in which these guidelines produced by ethical judgments have prevented gradual advancement in knowledge or have protected the harm that would otherwise be inflicted.
The area of natural sciences I have chosen is the usage of Thalidomide during the post war era. The limitations and guidelines on drug use is a major trend that the world sees. During the post war era, sleeplessness was prevalent among many patients and a drug known as Thalidomide entered the global market. This drug easily made it accessible for forty-six countries and continued to be distributed throughout the world with the aid of advertisements and eventually made itself available for pregnant and nursing mothers. This distribution of the drug did not seem as a potential drug that would cause pain. During this time Frances Kelsey, an FDA inspector prevented the drug from entering US medicinal markets because the “drug contained incomplete and insufficient data on its safety and effectiveness” (Fintel). Her preventative measures were attacked by the pharmaceutical industry and many other groups but with the aid of President John F. Kennedy she kept the dangerous drug from entering US markets. After being distributed to nearly every other country in the world, the drug began to show the hidden severe side effects. New born babies began to show birth defects and many of them were born with phocomelia, a disease that results in shortened or absent limbs (Fintel Helix Magazine). After witnessing the horrific abnormalities the drug was banned from nearly every country around the world and several guidelines were set in place in order to prevent future disasters. The drug was one of the few substances that helped many patients through Post Traumatic Stress and its symptoms, but on the other hand was the reason for many mutated births. Although the drug Thalidomide was tested by mice, there was not enough data in order to safely be introduced to the world. Unethical guidelines that were followed by the drug caused many unaware humans to be hurt by the mutations. Therefore ethical guidelines are a necessity in order to prevent the violation of the human rights and prevent future catastrophes. This area of natural sciences is able to produce knowledge by creating a medical addition to the world that seemed needed at first but then entered a...

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