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Global Financing And Exchange Rate Mechanism Hard And Soft Currency

1106 words - 4 pages

Global Financing and Exchange Rate Mechanism PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 3
Global Financing and Exchange Rate MechanismHard and Soft CurrencyGlobal Financing and Exchange Rate Mechanism Hard and Soft CurrencyLa moneda es un elemento que se intercambia por bienes y servicios. La moneda se encuentra en forma de billetes y monedas. Estos billetes y monedas tienen valor monetario y son consideradas como moneda dura o suave dependiendo del gobierno del país de origen (Hill, 2009). Se estima por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales que $6.4 trillones de dólares a nivel internacional son financiados por los bancos de todo el mundo y que los activos de la banca mundial total son más de $ 20 trillones (Hill, 2009). Las monedas duras y suaves son importantes porque cada comercio internacional de bienes y servicios lo requiere. Cuando los gobiernos participan en operaciones de comercio deben cuidar de su moneda con el fin de proteger sus inversiones y transacciones. En el siguiente trabajo se analiza las monedas duras y suaves y se explica cómo se utilizan en las operaciones de financiación global. Por último, este documento describe la importancia para la gestión de riesgos con monedas fuertes y suaves.La moneda blanda también se conoce como moneda débil. Moneda débil significa que los valores de la moneda fluctúan con frecuencia y que otros países no las quieren poseer, debido a la inseguridad política o económica en el país con moneda débil. La mayoría de los países en desarrollo y los países de bajos ingresos, tales como Albania, Argelia y Bangladesh son países con moneda débil. Las formas actuales de moneda débil es el "Russian Ruble" o rublo ruso , el peso mexicano, el peso de Filipinas, y el dólar de Hong Kong. En general, los gobiernos de estos países en desarrollo y de ingresos bajos establecen altas tasas de intercambio, y comparan su moneda a monedas fuertes como el dólar de los Estados Unidos o la libra británica. Por ejemplo, el rublo ruso se considera una moneda débil, porque Rusia es un país de bajos ingresos cuyas tasas se fijan en los tipos de cambio poco realista que no están respaldados por el oro. Debido a que dichos países no respaldan sus monedas blandas con oro, los países que cuentan con moneda fuerte como los Estados Unidos y Europa son reacios a los intercambios activos con ellos. Los países con moneda débil normalmente tienen varias depreciaciones de divisas y suelen tener problemas con los pagos de crédito debido a la inestabilidad política de su gobierno. La moneda débil es la forma menos valiosa de pago frente a la moneda dura.La moneda dura también se conoce como la moneda fuerte y es la forma más valiosa de la moneda en el comercio internacional. La moneda dura...

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