Global Politics After World War Ii

2161 words - 9 pages

Central to the entire discipline of global politics after the Second World War, is the concept of European Integration. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Europe found itself in a state of economic devastation and with various problems to solve. Besides, the continent was soon to be divided into two major spheres of influence by the beginning of the Cold War. The Cold War was a constant state of political and military tension amongst powers in the Western Bloc (the United States) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies) (Judt, 2005, p.1). Soon after the beginning of the conflict, several treaties and institutions were established in order to create collaboration between Western European states.
The objective of this research is to examine at what extent the Cold War played a role in European Integration between 1945 and 1957. In order to explain its contribution I will observe the different events and aspects of the European Integration process which can be explained by the Cold War dynamics. The first section of this paper will examine the period after the Second World War, while the second section will focus on the early stages of European Integration and of the Cold War.

2. After the Second World War
One of the main aspects in the changing attitudes of powerful actors after the Second World War was the devastation and loss provoked by the conflict. Nationalism and the emergence of fascism were good examples of complications caused by an absence of cooperation amongst European states and many debated the option of a new European system of close cooperation (Judt, 2005, p.6). The several plans introduced contributed to the construction of what is now called the European Union.
Ideas of European unification flowed as the need of peace and cooperation was fundamental in preventing a future war, but plans made by Coudenhove, Briand or Monnet failed because states wanted to preserve their sovereignty. However, throughout time, the desire to create a prosperous continent that could compete with the two economic powers: the United States and the Soviet Union, and the desire to avoid confrontations between European states made the union possible.
The end of the Second World War did not lead to a return to normal but instead announced the rise of a new conflict, less bloody but secret and longer. The allied powers failed to agree on a peace settlement with Germany and so, it was subjected to a quadripartite occupation. (Judt, 2005)
Conflicts of interest between the new global powers are growing and an atmosphere of distrust and fear sets. It then follows a long period of global tension, punctuated by acute attacks sometimes leading to local military conflicts without yet triggering an open conflict between the United States and the USSR. The Cold War reached its first high point during the Berlin Blockade (Judt, 2005). Afterwards, the explosion of the first Soviet atomic bomb in the summer of 1949,...

Find Another Essay On Global Politics After World War II

World War II Essay

1375 words - 6 pages action right after the assassination of the Italian Diplomat that was staying there in the Greek island. After a while, Mussolini started losing power. The country was fed up with his lies. His own fascist government voted him down. After many wars, and poor performance in World War II, Mussolini was voted down. He also lost his dictatorial power. After many years of advancement the country stayed in depression because of the death of Benito

World War II Essay

2850 words - 11 pages from France and then he could concentrate his forces on a major offensive in Egypt, where Italian forces outnumbered British and Commonwealth forces. However the UK refused to accept German proposals for a peace that would involve accepting Germany's victories in Eastern and Western Europe, plans for a German invasion of the UK did not proceed, and the war continued (World War II).On 24 July 1943, soon after the start of the Allied invasion of

World War II

1271 words - 5 pages The beginning of World War II. The contestants in WWII were divided into two groups, the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers. The following countries were in the Allied Powers: Soviet Union,United States,Britain, China, France, Poland, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The Axis Powers consisted of the following: Germany, Japan,and Italy.The Allied Powers during WWII were those that opposed the Axis Powers. At the beginning of war, Britain and the

World War II - 1271 words

1271 words - 5 pages The beginning of World War II. The contestants in WWII were divided into two groups, the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers. The following countries were in the Allied Powers: Soviet Union,United States,Britain, China, France, Poland, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The Axis Powers consisted of the following: Germany, Japan,and Italy.The Allied Powers during WWII were those that opposed the Axis Powers. At the beginning of war, Britain and the

World War II - 1516 words

1516 words - 6 pages World War II, was a global conflict that was fought over six years. The first conflict began in Asia between China and Japan, then in Europe when Germany invaded Poland. The war in Asia, or otherwise called the Second Sino-Japanese War was the largest asian war in the twentieth century. Japan's long desire to invade China and dominate it politcally and militarily led the Japanese to invade Manchuria, attack Pearl Harbor, and then eventually

World War II - 1859 words

1859 words - 7 pages From the beginning Of World War II in 1939 until the end in 1945, the battles between the Allied and Axis powers were violent and caused great destruction. It became a world dispute after the attack on Pearl Harbor. From then on, countries such as the United States, France, Germany, Japan, the Soviet Union, and many others fought vigorously until a victory was achieved. World War II officially began after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor and the

World War II - 1618 words

1618 words - 7 pages trains, ships, and enemy bases. They had an amazing top speed of 487 miles per hour, the fastest plane at the time. Why: These were developed soon after World War II had started because the Allies needed an advantage over Germany. These planes were used to accompany bombers and together they provided Germany’s cities with massive amounts of damage and destruction. Historical Significance: These planes played a key role in the victory of the Allied

World War II Speech

1133 words - 5 pages I. World War II was the most devastating war in world history. The war resulted in horrific property damage as well as about 17 million military deaths and even more civilian deaths….(click) The devastation of the war was mainly due to the advanced military weapons used, from the infantry on the front line to the ships in the sea and the planes in the sky, these weapons destroyed lives and property in nearly every part of the world. The

World War II Essay

1084 words - 4 pages World War II for the United States started with the tragic event that happened on the island of Oahu; Hawaii. Japan had bombed Pearl Harbor and that had got America enraged so America reacted by declaring war on Japan, this would be the start of World War II for America. Soon after America had entered World War II, they joined the Allies team, fighting against the Germans, Italy and Japanese. Fighting on the Allies side included Britain, Soviet

World War II - 517 words

517 words - 2 pages The involvement of the United States in World War I was inevitable. If the U.S. had not entered the war, the result may have swung the other way. However, with their involvement in the war, the Allies were able to seal their final victory through military aid from the United States in the form of troops, rations, supplies, and war vehicles. The United States' involvement in World War II was also inevitable, mainly because of the attacks made on

World War II - 912 words

912 words - 4 pages World War II (Based on the anecdotes of Arjun's grandmother) I was about fifteen years old when the World War II broke out. It was a long time back. The war started in 1939 and ended in 1945. It started when Germany, led by Adolf Hitler "" the military dictator, started invading its neighboring countries. Poland was the first country to be affected. It seemed the Germans were preparing for war for many years. Hitler thought he was destined to

Similar Essays

After Hitler: Genocides Since World War Ii

758 words - 4 pages genocide strikes. Genocides have been committed since the beginning of humanity, but three massacres since Hitler’s reign left the world shocked again at its own cruelty. The Guatemala genocide was completed in 1982 by the Guatemala Army, or as they refer to themselves, “killing machines” ("Talking About Genocide-Genocides-Guatemala 1982"). The army was targeting Mayan descendants, whom they accused of being communist” ("Talking About Genocide

Treaty Of Versailles Vs. The Peace After World War Ii

1035 words - 4 pages ran high as Europe was completely in shambles, trying desperately to rebuild. The differences in the way to go about peace at the end of World war one and two ultimately led to how our world was shaped over the last century, with all the benefits and pitfalls those proposed plans came with. The peace at the end of World War II was more successful than the Treaty of Versailles in calming European tensions in terms of the economic, political, and

Changes In Germany After World War I That Led To World War Ii

1312 words - 6 pages After World War I, Germany went through many changes that caused World War II. These changes were in economics, society and politics, the Nazi’s rise to power, the Treaty of Versailles, and the uniting of the Axis Powers. When all of these changes occurred, the stage was set for World War II. The German economy suffered after World War I. (German) Germany spent $6,000,000,000 on war expenditures, property losses, and shipping losses. (Ellis

World War Ii Essay 2488 Words

2488 words - 10 pages . Benito Mussolini was a supreme dictator of Italy. He founded the thought of fascist government which means there is one leader and there is one party that has total power. Benito Mussolini inspired Hitler to do what he did. Emperor Hirohito was emperor of Japan from 1926 until 1989. The main triggering event to what caused World War II is when Britain and France declared war on Germany. The following event after the declaration of war is Germany