Global Public Health Essay

1668 words - 7 pages

After 150 years of public health research and intervention, there are bound to be many lessons to draw upon which can provide the insight to guide public health professionals and institutions as they design and implement specific strategies, policies, and measures to increase global resilience for “complex health emergencies”. Identifying both the modifications to public health systems and looking closely from the history of managing environmental and other threats to the public health sector increases the world’s adaptive capacity to more effectively cope and manage with public health emergencies. Major advances have been made during the past decade in the way the international community responds to challenges of complex emergencies. The public health and clinical response to disease of acute epidemiological potential has improved dramatically based on prior knowledge of success and failure. Every year, new public health campaigns are started in efforts to change health outcomes and improve health behavior, but it must be understood public health is always changing and we must use what we have learned over the years to combat the ever so changing health world.
Throughout public health’s history we have witnessed success stories and unfortunately witnessed failed initiatives. One way to better understand how to deal with any public health crisis is to look at the experience in dealing with other public health issues, especially those where there has been progress made. From the eradication of smallpox and potentially the most important public health achievement in American History---the chlorination of drinking water all the way to the current crises of malaria, obesity, TB and HIV/AIDS we see the realization of what a true campaign brings. It is looking back at those poorly regulated campaigns and campaigns inundated by ignorance and arrogance can we begin to formulation any diligent campaign. The purpose of this paper is to take what we as public health opportunist have learned and harvest over the years and make inform efforts to prevent obesity across all ages.
As a nation…moreover, as a globe we currently are experiencing an epidemic of obesity that is unprecedented in its magnitude. Overweight and obesity not only plagues the majority of adults in developed nations, but children are become increasingly overweight, corresponding with a diminished quality of life and health status. According to the Obesity Society of America, fifty of the fifty-one states had a current average body mass index (BMI) greater than 20%. (“Obesity Society”) While the problem clearly exists, there is little clarity about the relative importance of possible causative factors such as changes in dietary patterns, increase in portion size, increase in television viewing, increased fast food and soft drink consumption and a decrease in physical activity are the debatable causes of this growing epidemic. In the absence of fully understanding the cause of the...

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