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Globalisasi Kpop Essay

3202 words - 13 pages

BAB IIPEMBAHASAN2.1. Konsep GlobalisasiUntuk memahami istilah dan pengertian globalisasi, terlebih dahulu kita perlu mengetahui asal kata istilah globalisasi. Istilah globalisasi berasal dari bahasa Inggris yakni "globe" yang berarti dunia atau bola dunia. Apakah yang dimaksud globalisasi? Globalisasi merupakan suatu proses menuju lingkup dunia. Dengan demikian globalisasi dapat diartikan sebagai proses mendunia, dimana semua peristiwa baik ekonomi, politik maupun budaya yang terjadi disatu belahan dunia dapat mempengaruhi kehidupan masyarakat di seluruh dunia.Globalisasi dapat juga disebut suatu proses dimana hubungan sosial dan saling ketergantungan antarmanusia di dunia ini semakin besar. Hal ini seperti yang dikatakan seorang ahli bernama R. Robertson bahwa globalisasi adalah proses mengecilnya dunia dan meningkatnya kesadaran akan dunia sebagai satu kesatuan, saling ketergantungan dan kesadaran global akan dunia yang menyatu.Ahli lain bernama Martin Albrow mengatakan globalisasi menyangkut seluruh proses di mana penduduk dunia terhubung kedalam komunitas dunia yang tunggal, komunitas global. Menurut A.G.McGrew, globalisasi mengacu pada keaneka ragaman hubungan dan saling keterkaitan antar masyarakat yang membentuk sistem dunia modern. Globalisasi adalah proses dimana berbagai peristiwa, keputusan dan kegiatan di belahan dunia yang satu dapat membawa konsekuensi penting bagi berbagai individu dan masyarakat di belahan dunia yang lain. Selain itu, M.Waters mengatakan bahwa globalisasi adalah sebuah proses sosial di mana halangan-halangan bersifat geografis pada tatanan sosial dan budaya semakin menyusut dan setiap orang kian sadar bahwa mereka semakin dekat satu sama lain.Berdasarkan pengertian di atas secara jelas globalisasi mampu membuat suatu perubahan kehidupan dunia yang dulunya sangat sederhana menjadi bersifat multidimensional. Globalisasi juga membuat semakin kuat ikatan ekonomi, politik, teknologi dan budaya yang mampu menghubungkan individu, komunitas, perusahan dan pemerintah di seluruh dunia.Globalisasi membuat suatu kenyataan bahwa kehidupan dunia menjadi satu kesatuan dalam "satu dunia", yang membuat sebuah desa global (global village) dengan kehidupan manusia secara individu, kelompok, atau bangsa-bangsa menjadi saling ketergantungan (interdependency) dalam semua aspek kehidupan. Singkatnya, perkembangan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi membuat ruang lingkup interaksi antar manusia di seluruh dunia semakin menyempit.Ada beberapa ciri yang menandakan semakin berkembangnya fenomena globalisasi di dunia. Pertama adalah perubahan dalam konsep ruang dan waktu. Perkembangan barang-barang seperti telepon genggam, televisi satelit, dan internet menunjukkan bahwa komunikasi global terjadi demikian cepatnya, sementara melalui pergerakan massa semacam turisme memungkinkan kita merasakan banyak hal dari budaya yang berbeda.Kedua, pasar dan produksi ekonomi di negara-negara yang berbeda menjadi saling bergantung sebagai akibat dari...

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